From French académie, from Latin acadēmīa, from Ancient Greek Ἀκαδημία (Akadēmía), a grove of trees and gymnasium outside of Athens where Plato taught; from the name of the supposed former owner of that estate, the Attic hero Akademos. Doublet of academia and Akademeia; compare academe.
academy (plural academies)
- (classical studies, usually capitalized) The garden where Plato taught. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (classical studies, usually capitalized) Plato's philosophical system based on skepticism; Plato's followers. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
- An institution for the study of higher learning; a college or a university; typically a private school. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
1760–5, Tobias Smollett, The history of England from the revolution in 1688, to the death of George II, published 1805, page 449:
The artists of London had long maintained a private academy for improvement in the art of drawing from living figures
1776, David Hume, The life of David Hume:
In this year 1633, I became acquainted with Nicholas Fiske, licentiate in physic, who was born in Suffolk, near Framingham* Castle, of very good parentage, who educated him at country schools, until he was fit for the university; but he went not to the academy, studying at home both astrology and physic, which he afterwards practised in Colchester; and there was well acquainted with Dr Gilbert, who wrote "De Magnete".
- A school or place of training in which some special art is taught. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
- the military academy at West Point; a riding academy; the Academy of Music.; a music academy; a language academy
1956, Delano Ames, chapter 9, in Crime out of Mind:
Rudolf was the bold, bad Baron of traditional melodrama. Irene was young, as pretty as a picture, fresh from a music academy in England. He was the scion of an ancient noble family; she an orphan without money or friends.
- A society of learned people united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
- the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
- (obsolete) The knowledge disseminated in an Academy. [Attested from the early 17th century until the mid 18th century.]
- (with the, without reference to any specific academy) Academia.
2016, Neoliberal Tools (and Archives): A Political History of Digital Humanities:
In the academy and outside of it, the privileging of technical expertise above other forms of knowledge is a political gesture, and one that has proved highly effective in neutralizing critique of established power relations.
- A body of established opinion in a particular field, regarded as authoritative.
- (Britain, education) A school directly funded by central government, independent of local control.
college or university
- Arabic: مَجْمَع m (majmaʿ), جَامِعَة (ar) f (jāmiʿa), مَعْهَد m (maʿhad), أَكَادِيمِيَّة f (ʾakādīmiyya)
- Belarusian: акадэ́мія f (akadémija)
- Mandarin: 學院 (zh), 学院 (zh) (xuéyuàn)
- Dutch: academie (nl) f, universiteit (nl), college (nl)
- Finnish: yliopisto (fi), korkeakoulu (fi)
- French: académie (fr) f
- German: Akademie (de), akademische Einrichtung f
- Greek: ακαδημία (el) f (akadimía)
- Hungarian: főiskola (hu)
- Irish: acadamh m
- Italian: accademia (it)
- Japanese: 学園 (ja) (がくえん, gakuen), 学院 (ja) (がくいん, gakuin)
place of training, school
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Brown, Lesley, ed. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. 5th. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.