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From ad- (to, towards, at) +‎ umbrō (shade, shadow, cover).



adumbrō (present infinitive adumbrāre, perfect active adumbrāvī, supine adumbrātum); first conjugation

  1. I bring a shadow over something, cast a shadow on, shade or overshadow something, cover, screen.
  2. (especially in painting) I represent an object with light and shade, shade.
  3. (especially in painting) I represent something only in outline, sketch in shadow, silhouette, outline, sketch.
  4. I imitate, copy, counterfeit.
    • 55 BCE, Cicero, De Oratore 2.47:
      Qua re nolite existimare me ipsum, qui non heroum veteres casus fictosque luctus velim imitari atque adumbrare dicendo neque actor sim alienae personae []
      Do not therefore imagine that I, who had no desire to imitate or represent the calamities or fictitious sorrows of the heroes of antiquity in my speech, and was no actor of a foreign and personated part []


   Conjugation of adumbrō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adumbrō adumbrās adumbrat adumbrāmus adumbrātis adumbrant
imperfect adumbrābam adumbrābās adumbrābat adumbrābāmus adumbrābātis adumbrābant
future adumbrābō adumbrābis adumbrābit adumbrābimus adumbrābitis adumbrābunt
perfect adumbrāvī adumbrāvistī adumbrāvit adumbrāvimus adumbrāvistis adumbrāvērunt, adumbrāvēre
pluperfect adumbrāveram adumbrāverās adumbrāverat adumbrāverāmus adumbrāverātis adumbrāverant
future perfect adumbrāverō adumbrāveris adumbrāverit adumbrāverimus adumbrāveritis adumbrāverint
passive present adumbror adumbrāris, adumbrāre adumbrātur adumbrāmur adumbrāminī adumbrantur
imperfect adumbrābar adumbrābāris, adumbrābāre adumbrābātur adumbrābāmur adumbrābāminī adumbrābantur
future adumbrābor adumbrāberis, adumbrābere adumbrābitur adumbrābimur adumbrābiminī adumbrābuntur
perfect adumbrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect adumbrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect adumbrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adumbrem adumbrēs adumbret adumbrēmus adumbrētis adumbrent
imperfect adumbrārem adumbrārēs adumbrāret adumbrārēmus adumbrārētis adumbrārent
perfect adumbrāverim adumbrāverīs adumbrāverit adumbrāverīmus adumbrāverītis adumbrāverint
pluperfect adumbrāvissem adumbrāvissēs adumbrāvisset adumbrāvissēmus adumbrāvissētis adumbrāvissent
passive present adumbrer adumbrēris, adumbrēre adumbrētur adumbrēmur adumbrēminī adumbrentur
imperfect adumbrārer adumbrārēris, adumbrārēre adumbrārētur adumbrārēmur adumbrārēminī adumbrārentur
perfect adumbrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect adumbrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adumbrā adumbrāte
future adumbrātō adumbrātō adumbrātōte adumbrantō
passive present adumbrāre adumbrāminī
future adumbrātor adumbrātor adumbrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives adumbrāre adumbrāvisse adumbrātūrum esse adumbrārī adumbrātum esse adumbrātum īrī
participles adumbrāns adumbrātūrus adumbrātus adumbrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
adumbrandī adumbrandō adumbrandum adumbrandō adumbrātum adumbrātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • adumbro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • adumbro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • adumbro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to sketch the ideal of an orator: imaginem perfecti oratoris adumbrare
    • to roughly sketch a thing: adumbrare aliquid (Or. 14. 43)
    • to express clearly, make a lifelike representation of a thing: exprimere aliquid verbis or oratione (vid. sect. VI. 3, note adumbrare...)