From ad ‎(to, towards, at) + umbrō ‎(shade, shadow, cover).



adumbrō ‎(present infinitive adumbrāre, perfect active adumbrāvī, supine adumbrātum); first conjugation

  1. I bring a shadow over something, cast a shadow on, shade or overshadow something, cover, screen.
  2. (especially in painting) I represent an object with light and shade, shade.
  3. (especially in painting) I represent something only in outline, sketch in shadow, silhouette, outline, sketch.
  4. I imitate, copy, counterfeit.


   Conjugation of adumbro (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adumbrō adumbrās adumbrat adumbrāmus adumbrātis adumbrant
imperfect adumbrābam adumbrābās adumbrābat adumbrābāmus adumbrābātis adumbrābant
future adumbrābō adumbrābis adumbrābit adumbrābimus adumbrābitis adumbrābunt
perfect adumbrāvī adumbrāvistī adumbrāvit adumbrāvimus adumbrāvistis adumbrāvērunt, adumbrāvēre
pluperfect adumbrāveram adumbrāverās adumbrāverat adumbrāverāmus adumbrāverātis adumbrāverant
future perfect adumbrāverō adumbrāveris adumbrāverit adumbrāverimus adumbrāveritis adumbrāverint
passive present adumbror adumbrāris, adumbrāre adumbrātur adumbrāmur adumbrāminī adumbrantur
imperfect adumbrābar adumbrābāris, adumbrābāre adumbrābātur adumbrābāmur adumbrābāminī adumbrābantur
future adumbrābor adumbrāberis, adumbrābere adumbrābitur adumbrābimur adumbrābiminī adumbrābuntur
perfect adumbrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect adumbrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect adumbrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adumbrem adumbrēs adumbret adumbrēmus adumbrētis adumbrent
imperfect adumbrārem adumbrārēs adumbrāret adumbrārēmus adumbrārētis adumbrārent
perfect adumbrāverim adumbrāverīs adumbrāverit adumbrāverīmus adumbrāverītis adumbrāverint
pluperfect adumbrāvissem adumbrāvissēs adumbrāvisset adumbrāvissēmus adumbrāvissētis adumbrāvissent
passive present adumbrer adumbrēris, adumbrēre adumbrētur adumbrēmur adumbrēminī adumbrentur
imperfect adumbrārer adumbrārēris, adumbrārēre adumbrārētur adumbrārēmur adumbrārēminī adumbrārentur
perfect adumbrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect adumbrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present adumbrā adumbrāte
future adumbrātō adumbrātō adumbrātōte adumbrantō
passive present adumbrāre adumbrāminī
future adumbrātor adumbrātor adumbrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives adumbrāre adumbrāvisse adumbrātūrus esse adumbrārī adumbrātus esse adumbrātum īrī
participles adumbrāns adumbrātūrus adumbrātus adumbrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
adumbrāre adumbrandī adumbrandō adumbrandum adumbrātum adumbrātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • adumbro” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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