From ad- (“to, towards, at”) + umbrō (“shade, shadow, cover”).
adumbrō (present infinitive adumbrāre, perfect active adumbrāvī, supine adumbrātum); first conjugation
- I bring a shadow over something, cast a shadow on, shade or overshadow something, cover, screen.
- (especially in painting) I represent an object with light and shade, shade.
- (especially in painting) I represent something only in outline, sketch in shadow, silhouette, outline, sketch.
- I imitate, copy, counterfeit.
, De Oratore 2.47
- Qua re nolite existimare me ipsum, qui non heroum veteres casus fictosque luctus velim imitari atque adumbrare dicendo neque actor sim alienae personae […]
- Do not therefore imagine that I, who had no desire to imitate or represent the calamities or fictitious sorrows of the heroes of antiquity in my speech, and was no actor of a foreign and personated part […]
- adumbro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- adumbro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- adumbro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to sketch the ideal of an orator: imaginem perfecti oratoris adumbrare
- to roughly sketch a thing: adumbrare aliquid (Or. 14. 43)
- to express clearly, make a lifelike representation of a thing: exprimere aliquid verbis or oratione (vid. sect. VI. 3, note adumbrare...)