From Middle English schadowe, schadewe, schadwe (also schade > shade), from Old English sċeaduwe, sċeadwe, oblique form of sċeadu (“shadow, shade; darkness; protection”), from Proto-West Germanic *skadu, from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz (“shade, shadow”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeh₃- (“darkness”).
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈʃædoʊ/, enPR: shăd′ō
Audio (US) (file)
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈʃædəʊ/, enPR: shăd′ō
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈʃædəʉ/, enPR: shăd′ō
Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ædəʊ
- Hyphenation: shad‧ow
- A dark image projected onto a surface where light (or other radiation) is blocked by the shade of an object.
- My shadow lengthened as the sun began to set.
- The X-ray showed a shadow on his lung.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter I, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698:
- The stories did not seem to me to touch life. […] They left me with the impression of a well-delivered stereopticon lecture, with characters about as life-like as the shadows on the screen, and whisking on and off, at the mercy of the operator.
- Relative darkness, especially as caused by the interruption of light; gloom; obscurity.
- I immediately jumped into shadow as I saw them approach.
- 1656, John Denham, The Destruction of Troy:
- Night's sable shadows from the ocean rise.
- A area protected by an obstacle (likened to an object blocking out sunlight).
- The mountains block the passage of rain-producing weather systems and cast a "shadow" of dryness behind them.
- (obsolete) A reflected image, as in a mirror or in water.
- c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ix], lines 4–5, page 172, column 2:
- Some there be that ſhadowes kiſſe, / Such haue but a ſhadowes bliſſe.
- That which looms as though a shadow.
- 2020', Ryan Elder, Don't Look Back
- Don't look back. Nothing left to see, just leave those shadows to the past.
- I don't have a shadow of doubt in my mind that my plan will succeed. The shadow of fear of my being outed always affects how I live my life. I lived in her shadow my whole life.
- 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
- Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
- 2020', Ryan Elder, Don't Look Back
- A small degree; a shade.
- He did not give even a shadow of respect to the professor.
- 2015 December 5, Alan Smith, “Leicester City back on top as Riyad Mahrez hat-trick downs Swansea City”, in The Guardian (London):
- Only Sunderland and West Bromwich Albion have enjoyed less possession than Leicester’s 44.2% per game, and they have the worst pass-completion rate in the league, a shadow over 71%.
- An imperfect and faint representation.
- He came back from war the shadow of a man.
- The neopagan ritual was only a pale shadow of the ones the Greeks held thousands of years ago.
- (UK, law enforcement) A trainee, assigned to work with an experienced officer.
- One who secretly or furtively follows another.
- The constable was promoted to working as a shadow for the Royals.
- 1916 August 1, The Electrical Experimenter, New York, page 248, column 3:
- It was easy enough to follow the suspect, a man of thirty, more or less, rather heavy build with a peculiar motion of the hips as he strode along. Breaker and shadow, at a distance of fifty feet apart, walked for five blocks and then the man turned quickly to the right and ran down a pair of steps.
- An inseparable companion.
- (typography) A drop shadow effect applied to lettering in word processors etc.
- An influence, especially a pervasive or a negative one.
- 1844, Ralph Waldo Emerson, “The Present Age: Politics”, in Robert E. Spiller, Wallace E. Williams, editor, The early lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson, volume 3, published 1972:
- Men see the institution and worship it. It is only the lengthened shadow of one man. […] The Reformation is the shadow of Luther: Quakerism of Fox: Methodism of Wesley: Abolition of Clarkson.
- A spirit; a ghost; a shade.
- c. 1606 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iv], page 142, column 2:
- The Baby of a Girle. Hence horrible ſhadow,
- 2019 January 7, “Exploring the SCP Foundation: Pattern Screamers”, in The Exploring Series, archived from the original on 11 January 2023, retrieved 11 January 2023, 6:49 from the start:
- The Pattern is highly abstract, and likely beyond our understanding, but the point is that it is dangerous and all-consuming. These entities were once just akin to shadows of some other entities, but, to avoid being consumed by the Pattern, they had to devour their peers, although one tribe decided to form themselves into something that could survive the Pattern by going into it.
- (obsolete, Latinism) An uninvited guest accompanying one who was invited.
- Synonym: umbra
- (psychology) In Jungian psychology, an unconscious aspect of the personality.
- A person (or object) is said to "cast", "have", or "throw" a shadow if that shadow is caused by the person (either literally, by eclipsing a light source, or figuratively). The shadow may then be described as the shadow "cast" or "thrown" by the person, or as the shadow "of" the person, or simply as the person's shadow.
- eyeshadow, eye shadow
- beyond a shadow of a doubt
- five o'clock shadow
- in the shadow of
- rain shadow
- shadow acne
- shadow acting
- shadow ban
- shadow boxing
- shadow cabinet
- shadow government
- shadow mapping
- shadow minister
- shadow play
- shadow price
- shadow pronoun
- shadow work
- shadow zone, shadowzone
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (transitive) To shade, cloud, or darken.
- The artist chose to shadow this corner of the painting.
- (transitive) To block light or radio transmission from.
- Looks like that cloud's going to shadow us.
- (particularly espionage) To secretly or discreetly track or follow another, to keep under surveillance.
- 2022 November 30, Paul Bigland, “Destination Oban: a Sunday in Scotland”, in RAIL, number 971, page 75:
- Soon after departure, we cross the invisible border into Scotland to enjoy more stunning coastal scenery, before the line finally swings inland at Burnmouth to traverse pine-clad valleys, shadowed by the A1 trunk road until we rejoin the coast at Cove, east of Dunbar.
- (transitive) To represent faintly and imperfectly.
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 36, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC 57395299, page 182:
- Ah, ye admonitions and warnings! why stay ye not when ye come? But rather are ye predictions than warnings, ye shadows!
- (transitive) To hide; to conceal.
- (transitive) To accompany (a professional) during the working day, so as to learn about an occupation one intends to take up.
- 1980, “Study of the Career Intern Program”, in Alternative Education Models […] , U.S. Department of Labor […] , page 20:
- In most cases, interns have mainly observed, or “shadowed,” their Hands-On hosts, but some interns have been given real tasks to perform, […]
- (transitive, programming) To make (an identifier, usually a variable) inaccessible by declaring another of the same name within the scope of the first.
- (transitive, computing) To apply the shadowing process to (the contents of ROM).
- Unofficial, informal, unauthorized, but acting as though it were.
- The human resources department has a shadow information technology group without headquarters knowledge.
- Having power or influence, but not widely known or recognized.
- The director has been giving shadow leadership to the other group's project to ensure its success.
- The illuminati shadow group has been pulling strings from behind the scenes.
- (politics) Acting in a leadership role before being formally recognized.
- The shadow cabinet cannot agree on the terms of the agreement due immediately after they are sworn in.
- The insurgents’ shadow government is being crippled by the federal military strikes.
- (Australia, politics) Part of, or related to, the opposition in government.