English edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin ad-. Doublet of at-.

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. (no longer productive) near, at.
    adrenal
  2. (no longer productive) toward, to, tendency, or addition.
    adjoin

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. ad-

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Prefix form of ad. Also based on Latin ad-.

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. to (indicating that to which there is movement, tendency or position, with or without arrival)
    portar (carry, bear)adportar (bring, carry (to a person or place))
    ube (where)adube (where to (with motion), whither)

Derived terms edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

For euphony, ad- can assimilate the attached stem's initial consonant, becoming: a- (before sc, sp and st), ac- (before c and q), af- (before f), ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, as-, or at-.

Etymology edit

From the Latin preposition ad (to, towards), in turn from Proto-Italic *ad, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd (near, at).

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. to
  2. usually prefixed to verbs, in which cases it often has the effect of intensifying the verbal action

See also edit

Lushootseed edit

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. your (singular)

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *ad-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éd (near, at). Cognates include Latin ad and English at.

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. to, towards
  2. in many compounds, it has a purely intensive sense
  3. augment infix used instead of ro- on verbs whose first prefix is com- and the stressed syllable starts with a consonant
    con·birt (you conceived) + ‎ad- → ‎con·abairt (you have conceived) (forms of con·beir)
    con·melt ((s)he rubbed) + ‎ad- → ‎con·amailt ((s)he had rubbed) (forms of con·meil)
    ·coscrad (not destroyed) + ‎ad- → ‎·comscarad (had not destroyed) (past subjunctive prototonic forms of con·scara)
    con·gab (it contained) + ‎ad- → ‎con·acab (it had contained) (forms of con·gaib)
    *·cotla + ‎ad- → ‎·comthala (subjunctive forms of con·tuili (to sleep))

Usage notes edit

  • ad-, when used as an augment affix, vanishes in prototonic forms due to syncope. However, its presence may be detected via the different syncope patterns between forms augmented with ad- and those that were not.
  • In deuterotonic verbs where ad- is the first prefix and the next sound is /t/, the d in the prefix may be dropped in its spelling.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Irish: a- (no longer productive)

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ad- unchanged n-ad-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. ad- (near; at)

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ate-, from Proto-Celtic *ati-.[1] from Proto-Indo-European *éti.[2] Cognate with Cornish as-, English ed-, Latin et (and), Sanskrit अति (ati, over-).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. again, back, re-
    Synonym: ail-
    ad- + ‎llais (voice) → ‎adlais (echo)
    ad- + ‎talu (to pay) → ‎ad-dalu (to refund)
    ad- + ‎blas (taste) → ‎adflas (aftertaste)
  2. affirmative prefix, emphasises prefixed word
    ad- + ‎cas (hated, nasty) → ‎atgas (hateful, detestable)

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ad- unchanged unchanged had-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 156 i (1)
  2. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 222 i (3)

Ye'kwana edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

ad-

  1. (Cunucunuma River dialect) Allomorph of ö- (second-person prefix) used for stems that begin with a vowel a or e.

Inflection edit