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See also: aknās

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LatvianEdit

 aknas on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Aknas

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *yeknā-, *yaknā-, from the genitive form *yekʷ-né-s of Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥ (liver), an old, n/r-alternating stem. Cognates include Lithuanian jẽknos, dialectal ãknos, Old Prussian lagno (apparently a misspelled iagno), Sanskrit यकृत् (yakṛt) (genitive यक्नः (yaknáḥ)) Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar) (genitive ἧπατος (hêpatos)), Latin iecur.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

aknas f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) liver (internal organ of humans and animals, gland that produces bile)
    aknu slimībasliver diseases
    aknu uztūkumsswelling of the liver
    aknu funkcijasliver functions
    kuņģa tuvumā ir aknas ar žultspūsliin the vicinity of the stomach are (situated) the liver with (= and) the gall bladder
    aknām ir izcila nozīme visdažādākos organisma vielmaiņas procesosthe liver has great importance in a variety of metabolic processes in the body
  2. this organ of an animal, used as food
    ceptas, sautētas aknasfried, stewed liver
    aknu desa, pastēteliver sausage, pâté
    ļoti labs A vitamīna avots uzturā ir liellopu un cūku aknas, kā arī mencu aknu konservia very good source of vitamin A in one's diet is cow and pig liver, as well as canned cod liver

Usage notesEdit

The plural forms are always preferred. The singular forms apparently exist, according to published dictionaries, but seem to be mostly unattested.

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “aknas”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN