English Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Ancient Greek ἀναφορά (anaphorá, a carrying back), from ἀνά (aná, up) + φέρω (phérō, I carry).

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ænəˈfɔɹə/, /ənˈæfəɹə/
    • (file)

Noun Edit

anaphora (countable and uncountable, plural anaphoras or anaphors or anaphora)

Examples (rhetoric)
  • “Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!”
    Shakespeare, King John (II i.)
Examples (expression referring to a preceding expression)
  • That's John's car. He [referring to "John"] won't want to see you sitting on it [referring to the car].
  • John had a drink. So did [referring to "had a drink"] Mark.
  • John had been feeling rather dehydrated. Mark was even more so [referring to "dehydrated"].
  1. (rhetoric) The repetition of a phrase at the beginning of phrases, sentences, or verses, used for emphasis.
    They didn't speak. They didn't stand. They didn't even look up when I came in.
    • [1835, L[arret] Langley, A Manual of the Figures of Rhetoric, [], Doncaster: Printed by C. White, Baxter-Gate, →OCLC, page 73:
      Anaphora elegantly begins
      With the same word or phrase successive lines.
    Antonyms: epiphora, epistrophe
  2. (linguistics) An expression that can refer to virtually any referent, the specific referent being defined by context.
  3. (linguistics) An expression that refers to a preceding expression.
    Hypernym: endophora
    Coordinate terms: cataphora, exophora, homophora
  4. (Christianity) The most solemn part of the Divine Liturgy or the Mass during which the offerings of bread and wine are consecrated as body and blood of Christ.
    Synonym: Eucharistic Prayer

Usage notes Edit

  • In linguistics, the terms anaphor and anaphora are sometimes used interchangeably, although in some theories, a distinction is made between them. See the Wikipedia article.

Derived terms Edit

Translations Edit

See also Edit

Noun Edit


  1. plural of anaphor

Further reading Edit