araba (plural arabas)
- (historical) A horse-drawn carriage once used for transportation in pre-modern Turkey.
- 1836, No one but a native of the luxurious East could ever have invented an araba, with its comfortable cushions, and its gaily painted roof, and gilded pillars. The prettiest are those of brown and gold, with rose-coloured draperies, through which the breeze flutters to your cheek as blandly as though it loved the tint that reminded it of the roses of the past season amid which it had wandered."— Julia Pardoe, City of the Sultan; and Domestic Manners of the Turks, in 1836.
- 1845, I found the examination of these antiquities much less pleasant than to look at the many troops of children assembled on the plain to play; and to watch them as they were dragged about in little queer arobas, or painted carriages, which are there kept for hire. William Makepeace Thackeray, Notes on a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo, 1845
- 1898,There is, however, such a thing as an “araba,” a vehicle drawn by oxen, in which the wives of a rich man are sometimes dragged four or five miles over the grass by way of recreation. The carriage is rudely framed, but you recognise in the simple grandeur of its design a likeness to things majestic; in short, if your carpenter’s son were to make a “Lord Mayor’s coach” for little Amy, he would build a carriage very much in the style of a Turkish araba. — Alexander William Kinglake, Eothen, 1898.
- 1917,Whenever I mounted the araba, he would whip his horses to a sharp trot or canter for half a mile, and then at a word stop for me to get out. — W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, 1917.
- Arabic (of or pertaining to the Arab peoples, their nations, or the Arabic language)
- (la araba) Clipping of la araba lingvo (“the Arabic language”).
- araba lingvo (“Arabic language”)
- arabparola, arabparolanta (“Arabic-speaking”)
- arabparolanto (“an Arabic speaker”)
- Arab woman
- to answer
This entry needs an inflection-table template.
- First-person singular (yo) imperfect indicative form of arar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) imperfect indicative form of arar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) imperfect indicative form of arar.
Ultimate origin uncertain. Originally intended to mean "a two-wheeled cart" now being used generically for all kinds of vehicles and bicycles (Schwarz 1992: 393). According to Ramstedt (1905: 23), the Turkic form was borrowed into Iranian (Afgh. arabá, Shg. arōbā), Arabic عَرَبَة (ʿaraba), Uralic, European and Caucasian languages. A Turkic loan relation with Burushaski arabá is also discussed by Rybatzki. Considering Doerfer (1963/1965/1967/1975), the etymology of the word seems unclear, being either of Turkic or Arabic origin. Uzbek arava was loaned into Tajik aråba 'cart, carriage' (Doerfer 1967: 12) and Ormuri arâba 'wheel' (M29: 387). Other Turkic congnates include Uyghur araba, Kyrgyz арба (arba), Taranchi hariba, as well as Chuvash урапа (urapa), Bashkir арба (arba) and Tatar арба (arba, “covered wagon”). Rybatzki notes that all Turkic forms are too similar with Burushaski, concluding the exact donor language can not be determined.
- Greek: αραμπάς m (arampás, “araba”)
- araba in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu
- ^ John Burkardt: "Five Letter Words", in Department of Scientific Computing, Florida State University.
- ^ Volker Rybatzki: "Türkische Lehnwörter im Burushaski" - Studia Orientalia 108 (2010), pp. 149–179.
- ^ The Proto-Bulgaro-Turkic Urheimat based on geolexical analysis (archieved)
- ^ Etimologicheskij slovar tyurkskikh jazykov (The etymological Dictionary of the Turkic Languages), E. V. Sevortyan, Vol. 1, page 164-165, Moscow (1974)