artichoke

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Lombard articioc, from Occitan artichaut, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Andalusian Arabic الْخَرْشُوف(al-ḵaršūf), from Arabic الْخُرْشُوف(al-ḵuršūf), definite form of خُرْشُوف(ḵuršūf).[1][2][3]

PronunciationEdit

  • (rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈɑɹ.tɪˌtʃəʊk/
  • (non-rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈɑː.tɪˌtʃəʊk/
  • (file)

NounEdit

artichoke (plural artichokes)

  1. A plant related to the thistle with enlarged flower heads eaten as a vegetable while immature, Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus.
  2. A dull green colour, like that of an artichoke.
    artichoke:  

SynonymsEdit

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DescendantsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elcock, W. D. (1960) The Romance Languages[1], page 282: "Borrowed directly from the Qairawān–Sicily region, without the article, the same Arabic word appears in Italian as carciofo; the Spanish form penetrated, however, into Provence, where it became archichaut, arquichaut, and thence into northern Italy as articiocco".
  2. ^ alcachofa”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014
  3. ^ artichaut in Dicod'oc