EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin dolus (deceit, trickery); akin to Ancient Greek δόλος (dólos, bait, ruse). Compare dolose, dolosity.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dolus (uncountable)

  1. (law) Evil intent: malice or fraud.
    • 1849, James G. Butler, A Summary of the Roman Civil Law:
      Every actual delict presupposes a dolus or culpa , with the concomitant consciousness and prepense

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek δόλος (dólos, deception, trick), and attested already in Classical Latin.

NounEdit

dolus m (genitive dolī); second declension

  1. trickery, deception, deceit, guile
  2. evil intent; malice; wrongdoing (with a view to the consequences)
  3. device, artifice
DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dolus dolī
Genitive dolī dolōrum
Dative dolō dolīs
Accusative dolum dolōs
Ablative dolō dolīs
Vocative dole dolī
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably a separate and unrelated term from the above, instead deriving from doleō (to hurt, grieve) and dolor (pain).

NounEdit

dolus m (genitive dolī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin, Vulgar Latin) pain, grief
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Balkan Romance:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:

ReferencesEdit

  • dolus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dolus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dolus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • by craft: per dolum (B. G. 4. 13)
    • by the aid of fraud and lies: dolis et fallaciis (Sall. Cat. 11. 2)



Middle IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

do- +‎ lés (compare solus, from Old Irish solus).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dolus

  1. lightless, obscure

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dolus dolus
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/, later /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ndolus
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit