See also: beben, Beben, and Bęben

Old Polish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bǫbьnъ. First attested in the 14th century.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /bæ̃bɛn/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /bæ̃bɛn/

Noun

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bęben m inan

  1. (attested in Lesser Poland) tambourine (drum with plates attached around it)
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Sankt Florian Psalter]‎[1], Krakow: Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 80, 2:
      Wezmicze psalm a daycze bøben
      [Weźmicie psalm a dajcie bęben]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, Lubiń: inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 138r:
      Timpanum est instrumentum musicum ein baucke baben
      [Timpanum est instrumentum musicum ein baucke bęben]

Derived terms

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nouns

Descendants

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  • Masurian: bémbén
  • Polish: bęben
  • Silesian: bymbyn

References

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
bęben

Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish bęben.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bęben m inan (diminutive bębenek, related adjective bębnowy)

  1. drum (percussive musical instrument spanned with a thin covering on at least one end for striking, forming an acoustic chamber)
    bić/uderzać w bębento beat a drum
    grać na bębnieto play a drum
  2. (figurative) drum (any similar hollow, cylindrical object)
    1. (obsolete, tanning) drum (rotating wooden drum filled with tannin extract which is used to saturate leather)
      Synonym: wałka
    2. (obsolete) reel (rolling device for winding string)
    3. (obsolete) reel for separating seeds from pinecones
    4. (obsolete) reel of a thresher
    5. (obsolete, watchmaking) cylinder in a watch that holds the spring
  3. (architecture) tholobate (substructure on which a dome or cupola rests)
    Synonym: tambur
  4. (architecture) drum (any of the cylindrical blocks that make up the shaft of a pillar)
  5. (colloquial, derogatory) paunch (large belly)
    Synonyms: bebech, brzuchal, kałdun
    odchudzić/zgubić/zrzucić bębento lose one's paunch
  6. (colloquial) squirt; rugrat (small child, especially one feels negatively toward)
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:dziecko
  7. (obsolete) drumming (sound of drums)
    Synonym: bębnienie
  8. (obsolete) auction; forced sale
  9. (obsolete, military) recruitment, recruiting; conscription
    Synonyms: pobór, werbunek
  10. (obsolete, humorous) rear end (one's behind)
    Synonym: tyłek
  11. (obsolete) drum (vessel for liquid)
  12. (obsolete) tambour (embroidery hoop)
    Synonym: tamborek
  13. (obsolete, anatomy) eardrum (tympanic membrane)
    Synonym: błona bębenkowa
  14. (obsolete, sailing) wheel cover of a steam ship
  15. (obsolete, agriculture) sifter (mill machine for sorting grain milling products)
    Synonym: odsiewacz
  16. (obsolete, candlemaking) wax-coated cord used in making candles
    Synonym: knot
  17. (obsolete) glutton; drunkard

Declension

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Derived terms

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nouns
verbs
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adjectives
nouns

Further reading

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  • bęben in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bęben in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • bęben in PWN's encyclopedia
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “bęben”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • Paweł Kupiszewski (11.01.2010) “BĘBEN”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “bęben”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “bęben”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “bęben”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 140