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EnglishEdit

 
A drum (instrument).
 
A scanning machine including a large drum (cylindrical object).
 
Cable drums

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɹʌm/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌm

Etymology 1Edit

1535, back-formation from drumslade (drummer), from Middle Dutch trommelslach (drumbeat), from trommel (drum) + slach (beat) (Dutch slag).

Alternate etymology traces drum directly from Middle Dutch tromme (drum) or Middle Low German trumme (drum). Akin to Middle High German trumme, trumbe (drum), Old High German trumba (trumpet). More at trumpet.

NounEdit

drum (plural drums)

  1. A percussive musical instrument spanned with a thin covering on at least one end for striking, forming an acoustic chamber, affecting what materials are used to make it; a membranophone.
  2. Any similar hollow, cylindrical object.
    Replace the drum unit of your printer.
  3. In particular, a barrel or large cylindrical container for liquid transport and storage.
    The restaurant ordered ketchup in 50-gallon drums.
  4. (obsolete or historical) A social gathering or assembly held in the evening.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, page 631:
      Another misfortune which befel poor Sophia, was the company of Lord Fellamar, whom she met at the opera, and who attended her to the drum.
  5. (architecture) The encircling wall that supports a dome or cupola
  6. (architecture) Any of the cylindrical blocks that make up the shaft of a pillar
  7. A drumfish (family Sciaenidae).
  8. (slang, Britain) A person's home.
  9. (Australia slang) A tip, a piece of information.
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber and Faber 2003, page 258:
      ‘he is the darndest little speaker we got, so better sit there and listen to him while he gives you the drum and if you clean out your earholes you might get a bit of sense into your heads.’
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

drum (third-person singular simple present drums, present participle drumming, simple past and past participle drummed)

  1. (intransitive) To beat a drum.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To beat with a rapid succession of strokes.
    The ruffed grouse drums with his wings.
    • Washington Irving
      drumming with his fingers on the arm of his chair
  3. (transitive) To drill or review in an attempt to establish memorization.
    He’s still trying to drum Spanish verb conjugations into my head.
  4. To throb, as the heart.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  5. To go about, as a drummer does, to gather recruits, to draw or secure partisans, customers, etc.; used with for.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Irish druim (back)

NounEdit

drum (plural drums)

  1. A small hill or ridge of hills.
Usage notesEdit
  • Mainly encountered in place names, such as Drumglass and Drumsheugh.

ReferencesEdit

  • drum at OneLook Dictionary Search

AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track). Compare Romanian drum.

NounEdit

drum n (plural drumuri)

  1. road

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English drum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

drum m (plural drums, diminutive drummetje n)

  1. (music) drum

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

drum

  1. Contraction of darum.

Further readingEdit

  • drum in Duden online

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track).

NounEdit

drum n (plural drumuri)

  1. road

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Language in Danger Andrew Dalby, 2003

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track).

NounEdit

drȕm m (Cyrillic spelling дру̏м)

  1. road

DeclensionEdit