See also: bruns, Bruns, and brüns

Latvian edit

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Etymology edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German brūn and (perhaps) Middle Dutch bruun. This term was probably introduced in the 15th century, together with brown-colored clothes, very appreciated at the time. It is, however, not mentioned in dictionaries until the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century (some sources claim that brown-colored clothes were not frequent in Latvia until the 18th century). Previously, the notion of brown color was expressed only with ruds (for hair, eyes) and bērs (for horses).[1]

Pronunciation edit


Adjective edit


brūns (definite brūnais, comparative brūnāks, superlative visbrūnākais, adverb brūni)

  1. brown (having the color of, e.g., chocolate, or of the ground coffee)
    tumši, gaiši brūnsdark, light brown
    brūns galdsbrown table
    brūni matibrown hair
    brūnas acisbrown eyes
    brūna krāsabrown color
    brūnais lācisbrown bear
    saulē iedegusi, brūna sejasun-tanned, brown face

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     balts      pelēks      melns
             sarkans, sārts              oranžs; brūns              dzeltens
             zilzaļš, ciāns                           zils
             violets; zilganviolets, indigo              fuksīns; violets              rozā

References edit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “brūns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN