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Derived from a dialectal adjective sarks (red, pink), from Proto-Baltic *sark- (whence also sarkt (to blush), from Proto-Indo-European *ser-, *sar- (red, pink), with an extra -k. In the dialects that have the simple adjective sarks, sarkans has the meaning “reddish.” Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal sárkanas (bright, clear, light; pink), Proto-Scythian *suxrí (bright), Persian سرخ(sorx, red).[1]


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sarkans (definite sarkanais, comparative sarkanāks, superlative vissarkanākais, adverb sarkani)

  1. red (having the color of, e.g., blood)
    tumši, gaiši, koši sarkansdark, light, bright red
    ugunīgi sarkansfiery red
    sarkani ziedi, rozesred flowers, roses
    sarkana gaisma, blāzmared light, glow
    sarkana signālugunsred beacon
    sarkans karogsred flag
    sarkans kā biete, kā asinsred as beet, as blood
    sarkanie asinsķermenīšired blood cells
    Sarkanais Kruststhe Red Cross
  2. red, brownish red (having a tone or hue similar to red when compared to other related elements)
    sarkani matired hair
    sarkana govsred cow
    sarkanie galviņkāpostired cabbage
    sarkanie ķieģeļired bricks
    sarkanais kaviārsred caviar
  3. red (relating to communism; more specifically, realting to the former Soviet Red Army)
    Sarkanā Armijathe Red Army
    sarkanā gvardethe red guard (1917 workers' division)
    latviešu sarkanie strēlniekiLatvian red riflemen (those who fought for the Bolsheviks)
    sarkanais karogsthe red flag


Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     balts      pelēks      melns
             sarkans, sārts              oranžs; brūns              dzeltens
             zilzaļš, ciāns                           zils
             violets; zilganviolets, indigo              fuksīns; violets              rozā


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns, “sarkans”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, 1992, →ISBN