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See also: cáel



Alternative formsEdit


Syncopated form of caffel, from Middle Welsh caffael, verbal noun from Proto-Celtic *kab- (compare Cornish kavos, Breton kavout), alteration of Proto-Indo-European *kh₂pi- (compare Latin capiō, English have, heave, Albanian kap).



cael (first-person singular present caf)

  1. to get, receive, have
    Mi gaf i Sbaeneg nesaf.
    I have Spanish next.
    cael brecwastto have breakfast
  2. to get to, be allowed to, may (with a verbal noun)
    Gawn ni weld y ffilm hwyr heno?
    Do we get to see the late film tonight?
  3. (colloquial) used with a possessive determiner (agreeing with the subject) and a verbal noun to form a construction with passive meaning
    Gaeth Terry ei tharo gan bêl eira.
    Terry got hit by a snowball (literally, Terry got her hitting by a snowball).
    Mae’r tŷ yn cael ei godi.
    The house is being built (literally, The house is getting its building).


Derived termsEdit


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cael gael nghael chael
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “cael”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies