castellum

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin castellum. Doublet of castell, castle, and château.

NounEdit

castellum (plural castella or castellums)

  1. (historical) A small Roman detached fort or fortlet used as a watch tower or signal station.

LatinEdit

 
castellum

EtymologyEdit

Diminutive of castrum (fort).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

castellum n (genitive castellī); second declension

  1. castle, fort, citadel, fortress, stronghold
  2. (figuratively) a shelter, stronghold, defence, refuge
  3. a structure in which the water of an aqueduct is collected, to be distributed by pipes or channels in different directions; a reservoir

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative castellum castella
Genitive castellī castellōrum
Dative castellō castellīs
Accusative castellum castella
Ablative castellō castellīs
Vocative castellum castella

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • castellum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • castellum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castellum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • castellum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • castellum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castellum in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly