English edit

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Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin castellum. Doublet of cashel, castell, castle, and château.

Noun edit

castellum (plural castella or castellums)

  1. (historical) A small Roman detached fort or fortlet used as a watch tower or signal station.

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin castellum. Doublet of kasteel, chateau, Kessel, Castilië, ketella, and telo.

Pronunciation edit

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Noun edit

castellum n (plural castella or castellums, diminutive castellumpje n)

  1. (historical) castellum

Further reading edit

Latin edit


Etymology edit

From castrum (fort) +‎ -lum (diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

castellum n (genitive castellī); second declension

  1. castle, fort, citadel, fortress, stronghold
  2. (figuratively) a shelter, stronghold, defence, refuge
  3. a structure in which the water of an aqueduct is collected, to be distributed by pipes or channels in different directions; a reservoir

Declension edit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative castellum castella
Genitive castellī castellōrum
Dative castellō castellīs
Accusative castellum castella
Ablative castellō castellīs
Vocative castellum castella

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • castellum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • castellum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castellum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • castellum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • castellum”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castellum”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly