Contents

EnglishEdit

NounEdit

castrum ‎(plural castra)

  1. (historical) Among the Ancient Romans, a building or plot of land used as a military defensive position.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱes- ‎(to cut, cut off, separate) (Watkins, 1969). An older etymology (1899) derived castrum from Latin casa, and proposed an ultimate etymon from a Sanskrit root (sic) *skad-, "to cover". See also castrō, careō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

castrum n ‎(genitive castrī); second declension

  1. castle, fort
  2. (chiefly plural) camp, especially a military camp

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative castrum castra
genitive castrī castrōrum
dative castrō castrīs
accusative castrum castra
ablative castrō castrīs
vocative castrum castra

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • castrum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • castrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • CASTRUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • castrum in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • veterans; experienced troops: qui magnum in castris usum habent
    • to disarm a person: armis (castris) exuere aliquem
    • to leave troops to guard the camp: praesidio castris milites relinquere
    • to mount guard in the camp: vigilias agere in castris (Verr. 4. 43)
    • to keep the troops in camp: copias castris continere
    • to remain inactive in camp: se (quietum) tenere castris
  • castrum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 586
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