See also: často

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin castus.

AdjectiveEdit

casto m (feminine singular casta, masculine plural castos, feminine plural castas)

  1. chaste

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin castus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈka.sto/
  • Rhymes: -asto
  • Hyphenation: cà‧sto

AdjectiveEdit

casto (feminine casta, masculine plural casti, feminine plural caste)

  1. chaste (abstaining from immoral or unlawful sexual intercourse)
    Antonyms: erotomane, libidinoso, lussurioso, (of a woman) ninfomane
    • 13th century, “Cap. XXXV: Dell'Agnocaſto”, in Trattato dell'agricoltura [Treatise On Agriculture]‎[1], translation of Opus ruralium commodorum libri XII by Pietro De' Crescenzi, published 1605, page 269:
      E chiamasi agnocasto, perocchè reprimendo la lussuria, rende casto colui, che sopra il porta, come l'agnello.
      And it is called chaste tree because, by repressing lust, makes the one that carries it chaste, like the lamb.
    • 14th century, Bartolomeo da San Concordio, Ammaestramenti degli antichi[2], Milan: Società tipografica de' Classici Italiani, published 1808, page 257:
      L'uomo secondo se stima d'altrui: il fornicatore pensa che niuno sia casto
      People judge others based on themselves: the fornicator believes no one is chaste
    • c. 1307, Dante Alighieri, “Trattato quarto [Fourth Treatise]”, in Convivio [The Banquet]‎[3], Florence: Le Monnier, published 1964, Chapter 9:
      Sono anche operazioni che la nostra [ragione] considera ne l’atto de la volontade, sì come offendere e giovare, sì come star fermo e fuggire a la battaglia, sì come stare casto e lussuriare
      There are also activities which our reason contemplates as an act of the will, as for instance giving offense or assistance, standing ground or fleeing in battle, and remaining chaste or yielding to lust.
    • 1581, Annibale Caro, transl., Eneide [Aeneid]‎[4], Florence: Leonardo Ciardetti, translation of Aeneis by Virgil, published 1827, Libro V, page 230–231:
      Appresentossi in prima ¶ Eurïalo con Niso. Un giovinetto ¶ Di singolar bellezza Eurïalo era; ¶ E Niso un di lui fido e casto amante.
      Euryalus came first, together with Nisus. Euryalus was a particularly handsome youth, and Nisus a faithful and chaste lover of his.
    • 1581, Torquato Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata [Jerusalem Delivered]‎[5], Erasmo Viotti, Canto V, page 135:
      Io: mentre ch'eri de' nimici ancella: ¶ Ti conſeruai la mente, e i membri casti; ¶ E tu, libera, hor vuoi perder la bella ¶ Virginità, ch'in prigionia guardaſti?
      I, while you were prisoner of the enemy, kept my mind and body pure. Do you, now free, wish to lose the beautiful virginity you kept while imprisoned?
  2. chaste (having had no sexual experience)
    Synonyms: illibato, vergine
    • 1475, Angelo Poliziano, “Libro I”, in Stanze de messer Angelo Politiano cominciate per la giostra del magnifico Giuliano di Pietro de Medici[6], collected in Poesie Italiane by Saverio Orlando, Bologna: Biblioteca Universale Rizzoli, published 1988, section 46:
      Sembra Talia se in man prende la cetra, ¶ sembra Minerva se in man prende l’asta; ¶ se l’arco ha in mano, al fianco la faretra, ¶ giurar potrai che sia Diana casta.
      She would resemble Thalia if she took lyre in hand, Minerva, if she held a spear; if she had a bow in hand and quiver at her side, you would swear she was chaste Diana.
  3. (by extension) pure, innocent, virtuous
    Synonyms: innocente, puro, virtuoso
    Antonym: impuro
    • c. 1226, Francis of Assisi, Cantico di Frate Sole [Canticle of the Sun]‎[7], printed by the Biblioteca del Sacro Convento di San Francesco, page 2:
      Laudato ſi mi ſignore ᵱ ſoꝛ aqua, la quale e multo utile ⁊ hũile ⁊ p̃tioſa ⁊ caſta.
      Praised be You, my Lord, through Sister Water, which is very useful and humble and precious and chaste.
    • 1581, Torquato Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata [Jerusalem Delivered]‎[8], Erasmo Viotti, Canto V, page 111:
      La bella Donna, ch'ogni cor più caſto ¶ Arder credeua ad un girar di ciglia: ¶ O come perde hor l'alterezza, e 'l faſto
      The beautiful woman, who thought every pure heart to be burning at the turn of eyelashes: o, how she loses her haughtiness and pride
    • 1799, Vittorio Alfieri, “Ode - 14 decembre 1792”, in Misogallo [The French-Hater]‎[9], London, page 77:
      Oh bei costumi semplici, ¶ Là dove l'oro invan suoi strali avventa! ¶ Là dove i padri languidi ¶ Pura pietade filial sostenta. ¶ Dove a modesta vergine ¶ Casti imenei marito amante danno; ¶ Dove de' figli il numero ¶ Mai non si ascrive il genitore a danno.
      O beautiful, modest customs, against which gold throws in vain its arrows! There where the weakened fathers are supported by sheer filial piety; where chaste weddings give a modest virgin a loving husband; where the number of children is never seen as a liability by the parent.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • casto in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Frankish *kastō (box, case).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

castō m (genitive castōnis); third declension[1][2]

  1. (Medieval Latin) encasement

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative castō castōnēs
Genitive castōnis castōnum
Dative castōnī castōnibus
Accusative castōnem castōnēs
Ablative castōne castōnibus
Vocative castō castōnēs

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “casto”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: E. J. Brill, page 155
  2. ^ casto in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)

AdjectiveEdit

castō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of castus

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese casto, from Latin castus, possibly borrowed.

PronunciationEdit

 

  • Hyphenation: cas‧to

AdjectiveEdit

casto (feminine casta, masculine plural castos, feminine plural castas)

  1. chaste (abstaining from sexual activity)
    Antonyms: pervertido, tarado, devasso

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • casto” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin castus[1].

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkasto/, [ˈkas.t̪o]

AdjectiveEdit

casto (feminine casta, masculine plural castos, feminine plural castas, superlative castísimo)

  1. chaste (abstaining from sexual intercourse)
  2. (obsolete) pure

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit