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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin centuriō.

NounEdit

centurio m

  1. centurion

LatinEdit

 
centuriō (a centurion)

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /kenˈtu.ri.oː/, [kɛn̪ˈt̪ʊ.ri.oː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /t͡ʃenˈtu.ri.o/, [t͡ʃɛn̪ˈt̪uː.ri.ɔ]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From centuria (division consisting of one hundred) +‎ .

VerbEdit

centuriō (present infinitive centuriāre, perfect active centuriāvī, supine centuriātum); first conjugation

  1. I divide into groups of one hundred.
  2. (military) I arrange into companies.
  3. (only in perfect participle) having voted according to centuries.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of centuriō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present centuriō centuriās centuriat centuriāmus centuriātis centuriant
imperfect centuriābam centuriābās centuriābat centuriābāmus centuriābātis centuriābant
future centuriābō centuriābis centuriābit centuriābimus centuriābitis centuriābunt
perfect centuriāvī centuriāvistī centuriāvit centuriāvimus centuriāvistis centuriāvērunt, centuriāvēre
pluperfect centuriāveram centuriāverās centuriāverat centuriāverāmus centuriāverātis centuriāverant
future perfect centuriāverō centuriāveris centuriāverit centuriāverimus centuriāveritis centuriāverint
passive present centurior centuriāris, centuriāre centuriātur centuriāmur centuriāminī centuriantur
imperfect centuriābar centuriābāris, centuriābāre centuriābātur centuriābāmur centuriābāminī centuriābantur
future centuriābor centuriāberis, centuriābere centuriābitur centuriābimur centuriābiminī centuriābuntur
perfect centuriātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect centuriātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect centuriātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present centuriem centuriēs centuriet centuriēmus centuriētis centurient
imperfect centuriārem centuriārēs centuriāret centuriārēmus centuriārētis centuriārent
perfect centuriāverim centuriāverīs centuriāverit centuriāverīmus centuriāverītis centuriāverint
pluperfect centuriāvissem centuriāvissēs centuriāvisset centuriāvissēmus centuriāvissētis centuriāvissent
passive present centurier centuriēris, centuriēre centuriētur centuriēmur centuriēminī centurientur
imperfect centuriārer centuriārēris, centuriārēre centuriārētur centuriārēmur centuriārēminī centuriārentur
perfect centuriātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect centuriātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present centuriā centuriāte
future centuriātō centuriātō centuriātōte centuriantō
passive present centuriāre centuriāminī
future centuriātor centuriātor centuriantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives centuriāre centuriāvisse centuriātūrum esse centuriārī centuriātum esse centuriātum īrī
participles centuriāns centuriātūrus centuriātus centuriandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
centuriandī centuriandō centuriandum centuriandō centuriātum centuriātū
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From centuriō +‎ .

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

centuriō m (genitive centuriōnis); third declension

  1. centurion; commander of a hundred men
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative centuriō centuriōnēs
Genitive centuriōnis centuriōnum
Dative centuriōnī centuriōnibus
Accusative centuriōnem centuriōnēs
Ablative centuriōne centuriōnibus
Vocative centuriō centuriōnēs
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

(all borrowed)

ReferencesEdit

  • centurio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • centurio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • centurio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • centurio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be elected unanimousl: omnes centurias ferre or omnium suffragiis, cunctis centuriis creari
  • centurio in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • centurio in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin