From Middle English arengen, arrangen (“to draw up a battle line”) from Old French arengier, arrangier (“to put in a line, put in a row”) from reng, rang, ranc (“line, row, rank”), from Frankish hring (“ring”), from Proto-Germanic *hringaz (“something bent or curved”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (“to bend, turn”). Akin to Old High German hring, ring, Old Frisian hring, Old English hring, hrincg (“ring”), Old Norse hringr (“ring, circle, queue, sword; ship”). More at ring.
arrange (third-person singular simple present arranges, present participle arranging, simple past and past participle arranged)
- (transitive) To set up, to organize, especially in a positive manner.
1485, William Caxton, transl., Sidney J. H. Herrtage, editor, Lyf of the Noble and Crysten Prynce, Charles the Grete (in Middle English), London: Oxford UP, published 1880–81, book ij, part iij, cap. iij, page 153: & whan the frensshe men sawe thus the hors come, whyche was longyng to rychard, they were al affrayed and moeued, and came & opened the gate, and anone he entred in; and after that the yate was shette, they arenged them aboute the sayd hors, for compassyon of sorowe, wepyng pyetously.
- And when the Frenchmen saw thus the horse come, which was longing for Richard, they were all afraid and moved, and came and opened the gate, and anon he entered in; and after the gate was shut, they arranged them about the said horse for compassion of sorrow, weeping piteously.
1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 1, in The China Governess:
The huge square box, parquet-floored and high-ceilinged, had been arranged to display a suite of bedroom furniture designed and made in the halcyon days of the last quarter of the nineteenth century, […].
- (transitive, intransitive) To plan; to prepare in advance.
to arrange to meet; to arrange for supper
1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
It had been arranged as part of the day's programme that Mr. Cooke was to drive those who wished to go over the Rise in his new brake.
- (music, transitive, intransitive) To prepare and adapt an already-written composition for presentation in other than its original form.
to set up, organise
- Arabic: رَتَّبَ (rattaba)
- Armenian: կազմակերպել (hy) (kazmakerpel)
- Bulgarian: нареждам (bg) (nareždam), подреждам (bg) (podreždam), систематизирам (bg) (sistematiziram)
- Catalan: organitzar (ca), planificar (ca), arreglar (ca) (informal)
- Mandarin: 安排 (zh) (ānpái), 佈置 (zh), 布置 (zh) (bùzhì)
- Czech: uspořádat
- Dalmatian: desponar
- Danish: arrangere (da)
- Dutch: regelen (nl)
- Esperanto: aranĝi (eo)
- Finnish: järjestää (fi)
- French: arranger (fr), organiser (fr)
- German: arrangieren (de), systematisieren (de), aufstellen (de), ordnen (de)
- Greek: διοργανώνω (el) (diorganóno)
- Ancient: τάσσω (tássō)
- Hungarian: elintéz (hu), szervez (hu), megszervez (hu)
- Irish: gléas, socraigh
- Italian: disporre (it)
- Japanese: 整える (ja) (ととのえる, totonoeru)
- Khmer: រៀប (km) (riəp)
- Korean: 조정하다 (ko) (jojeong-hada)
- Sorani: ڕێخستن (rréxistin)
- Malay: atur, susun
- Maori: raunaha
- Norman: graie
- Polish: ułożyć (pl), ustawić (pl)
- Portuguese: arranjar (pt), organizar (pt), dispor (pt)
- Romanian: aranja (ro)
- Russian: устра́ивать (ru) impf (ustráivatʹ), устро́ить (ru) pf (ustróitʹ), организо́вывать (ru) impf (organizóvyvatʹ), организова́ть (ru) pf (organizovátʹ)
- Spanish: disponer (es)
- Swedish: ordna (sv), arrangera (sv), organisera (sv)
- Telugu: (please verify) ఏర్పాటు చేయు (ērpāṭu cēyu), (please verify) అమర్చు (te) (amarcu) (1, 2), (please verify) పేర్చు (pērcu) (2)
- Turkish: düzenlemek (tr)
- Ukrainian: впорядко́вувати (vporjadkóvuvaty), організува́ти (uk) (orhanizuváty)
- Venetian: pareciar (vec)
- Vietnamese: sắp xếp (vi), tổ chức (vi)
- Welsh: trefnu (cy)
- Zazaki: tertib kerden, vıraşten
to put in order
- Portuguese: arrumar (pt)
- Romanian: aranja (ro), ordona (ro), pune în ordine
- Russian: расставля́ть (ru) impf (rasstavljátʹ), расста́вить (ru) pf (rasstávitʹ), располага́ть (ru) impf (raspolagátʹ), расположи́ть (ru) pf (raspoložítʹ)
- Spanish: poner en orden, arreglar (es)
- Swedish: ordna (sv), arrangera (sv)
- Turkish: sıralamak (tr), düzenlemek (tr)
- Ukrainian: впорядко́вувати (vporjadkóvuvaty), розташо́вувати (roztašóvuvaty)
- Venetian: comeđar (vec)
- Vietnamese: sắp xếp (vi), tổ chức (vi)
to plan; to prepare in advance
music: to adapt an existing composition for presentation