circumdo

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From circum- (circum-) +‎ (I give).[1].

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

circumdō (present infinitive circumdare, perfect active circumdedī, supine circumdatum); first conjugation, irregular

  1. I surround
  2. I enclose or encircle

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of circumdō (first conjugation, irregular short a in most forms except dās and )
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumdō circumdās circumdat circumdamus circumdatis circumdant
imperfect circumdabam circumdabās circumdabat circumdabāmus circumdabātis circumdabant
future circumdabō circumdabis circumdabit circumdabimus circumdabitis circumdabunt
perfect circumdedī circumdedistī circumdedit circumdedimus circumdedistis circumdedērunt, circumdedēre
pluperfect circumdederam circumdederās circumdederat circumdederāmus circumdederātis circumdederant
future perfect circumdederō circumdederis circumdederit circumdederimus circumdederitis circumdederint
passive present circumdor circumdaris, circumdare circumdatur circumdamur circumdaminī circumdantur
imperfect circumdabar circumdabāris, circumdabāre circumdabātur circumdabāmur circumdabāminī circumdabantur
future circumdabor circumdaberis, circumdabere circumdabitur circumdabimur circumdabiminī circumdabuntur
perfect circumdatus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect circumdatus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect circumdatus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumdem circumdēs circumdet circumdēmus circumdētis circumdent
imperfect circumdarem circumdarēs circumdaret circumdarēmus circumdarētis circumdarent
perfect circumdederim circumdederīs circumdederit circumdederīmus circumdederītis circumdederint
pluperfect circumdedissem circumdedissēs circumdedisset circumdedissēmus circumdedissētis circumdedissent
passive present circumder circumdēris, circumdēre circumdētur circumdēmur circumdēminī circumdentur
imperfect circumdarer circumdarēris, circumdarēre circumdarētur circumdarēmur circumdarēminī circumdarentur
perfect circumdatus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect circumdatus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumdā circumdate
future circumdatō circumdatō circumdatōte circumdantō
passive present circumdare circumdaminī
future circumdator circumdator circumdantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives circumdare circumdedisse circumdatūrum esse circumdarī circumdatum esse circumdatum īrī
participles circumdāns circumdatūrus circumdatus circumdandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
circumdandī circumdandō circumdandum circumdandō circumdatum circumdatū

DescendantsEdit

  • Friulian: circundâ
  • Italian: circondare
  • Portuguese: circundar
  • Spanish: circundar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry ‘circumdate, a.’. The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., version 4.0.