Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Old English clāþian, from Proto-Germanic *klaiþōną, from Proto-Indo-European *gley-; equivalent to cloth +‎ -en.


  • IPA(key): /ˈklɔːðən/, /ˈklɔːðiən/



  1. To use clothing:
    1. (transitive, intransitive) To clothe; to put clothing on.
    2. (reflexive) To wear; to put clothing on oneself.
    3. (transitive, reflexive) To furnish with clothing or garments.
  2. To hide or make undiscoverable:
    1. (transitive) To enclose; to surround as to hide.
    2. (transitive) To secrete or make hidden; to stash away.
    3. (transitive, intransitive) To give bodily or physical form; to surround with physical substances.
    4. (transitive) To cause to change appearance for the purpose of hiding; to force metamorphosis.
  3. (reflexive) To gain a trait; to immerse in an abstract quantity.
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[1], published c. 1410, Coꝛinthis ·i· 15:54, page 67v, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      / but whanne þis dedli þing ſchal cloþe vndedlyneſſe .· þanne ſchal þe woꝛd be doon þat is writen / deþ is ſopun up in victoꝛie
      But when the mortal acquires immortality, then the saying that's been recorded will be fulfilled: "Death has been swallowed up in victory []
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To decorate or ornament.
  5. (rare, intransitive) To be furnished with clothing.
  6. (rare, transitive) To use or utilise.



  • English: clothe