See also: Fest, fëst, fêst, Fëst, and -fest

English

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Fest (feast, festival, party), from Middle High German fest, from Latin festum, from which last are also English feast, festival, festivity (see these).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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fest (plural fests)

  1. (in combination) A gathering for a specified reason or occasion.
    Synonym: festival
    a Renaissance fest
  2. (in combination) An event in which the act denoted by the previous noun occurs.
    • 2005, Sean Dooley, The Big Twitch, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, page 35:
      That same trip would have to go down as the greatest dipping fest in Australian birding history. I had five target species and never saw one, despite spending a week looking for them.

Derived terms

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Translations

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Anagrams

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Czech

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German fest.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

fest m anim

  1. (archaic) undestroyable person
  2. (archaic) mummy

Declension

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Alternative forms

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Adverb

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fest (comparative více fest, superlative nejvíce fest)

  1. (informal) firmly, tightly
    Drž to fest.Hold it firmly
  2. (informal) much

Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • fest in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • fest in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Fest, from Latin fēstum (holiday, festival, banquet, feast).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈfɛsd/, [ˈfesd̥], [ˈfest]

Noun

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fest c (singular definite festen, plural indefinite fester)

  1. party
  2. celebration
  3. festival
  4. feast
  5. fête

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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German

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-West Germanic *fast, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz; see there for cognates and further etymology.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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fest (strong nominative masculine singular fester, comparative fester, superlative am festesten)

  1. firm; compact; hard
  2. firm; fixed; rigid
  3. firm; steadfast
    1. (informal) of a long-term romantic relationship
      Ein One-Night-Stand ist mir genug, ich möchte gerade noch nichts Festes.
      A one-night stand is enough for me, I'm not looking for anything long-term right now.
      fester Freundboyfriend (as opposed to a platonic friend)

Declension

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Derived terms

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See also

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Further reading

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  • fest” in Duden online
  • fest” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Hungarian

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Etymology

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First attested in c. 1372. Of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Finno-Ugric *pëčɜ- (color; to color, paint)[1][2] + -t (causative suffix).[3]

Pronunciation

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Verb

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fest

  1. (transitive) to paint (something a colour: -ra/-re)
    Coordinate term: mázol
    Pirosra festettem az autómat.I painted my car red.
  2. (transitive) to dye
  3. (intransitive) to look in some way
    Synonyms: kinéz, látszik, tűnik
    Hogy fest?What does it look like?
    • 1989, John Updike (author), translated by Árpád Göncz, Így látja Roger [Roger's Version], Budapest: Európa Könyvkiadó, →ISBN, page 203:
      Dale nem festett valami jól; viaszos sápadtsága szinte beteges volt. S mintha izzadt volna; ingzubbonya fölé kockás sportzakót vett, s e kettő nagyon nem illett össze.
      Dale didn't look well for this interview; his waxy pallor had slid over into the sickly. He seemed to be sweating, and he had put on a checkered sports jacket over his lumberjack shirt, with discordant effect.

Usage notes

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The stative types of the sense verbs feel, smell, and taste are uncommon in Hungarian (i.e., those expressing some sensory information conveyed, in contrast to the voluntary actions of using these senses or the involuntary perception). Instead, adjectival (//-jú/-jű) and possessive (-a/-e/-ja/-je van) constructions are used, and these are also applicable for sound. (The first two rows are for action verbs and perception verbs that behave similarly to English.)

see / look hear / sound smell taste feel / touch
Action verb (meg)néz (meg)hallgat (meg)szagol (meg)kóstol,
(literary)
(meg)ízlel
megfog,
(meg)tapint,
(meg)tapogat
Perception verb lát hall érez
Sta-
tive
verb látszik, tűnik,
kinéz, fest
hangzik
hallatszik
(érződik or archaic érzik)
affecting one: esik (jólesik / rosszulesik)
adjective kinézetű / külsejű
(someone’s appearance)
hangú,
hangzású
szagú (bad/neutral)
illatú (pleasant)
ízű tapintású
possessive … kinézete / külsejevan
… a kinézete / külseje
hangja van
… a hangja
szaga / illata van
…a szaga / …az illata
íze van
… az íze
tapintása van
… a tapintása
Examples:
  • Ez a torta citromízű. = Ennek a tortának citromíze van.This cake tastes of lemon.
  • Ez az autó benzinszagú. = Ennek az autónak benzinszaga van.This car smells of petrol.
  • Ez az étel finom illatú. = Ennek az ételnek finom illata van. = Ennek az ételnek finom az illata.This dish smells delicious.
  • Ez a szövet selymes tapintású. = Ennek a szövetnek selymes tapintása van = …selymes a tapintása.This fabric feels silky.

On the other hand, certain verbs can express particular sensory impressions, e.g. illatozik (to smell sweet, to be fragrant) and bűzlik (to stink, to reek).

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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(With verbal prefixes):

References

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  1. ^ Entry #841 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ Álgu etymological database, entry #78153 (language: Hungarian, word: fëst-)
  3. ^ fest in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Luxembourgish

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Etymology

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From Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz. Cognate with German fest, Dutch vast, English fast, Icelandic fastur.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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fest (masculine festen, neuter fest, comparative méi fest, superlative am feststen)

  1. firm, hard
  2. solid
  3. rigid
  4. fixed, fast

Declension

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Middle English

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Verb

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fest

  1. to feast

Mòcheno

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Etymology

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From Middle High German fëst, from Latin festum. Cognate with German Fest.

Noun

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fest n

  1. holiday, festival

References

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Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology 1

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From Latin festum.

Noun

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fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. celebration, party
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Verb

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fest

  1. imperative of feste

References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology 1

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From Latin festum.

Noun

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fest m (definite singular festen, indefinite plural festar, definite plural festane)

  1. celebration, party, festivity
    Synonyms: party, selskap
  2. (religion) feast, festival
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse festr f, whence also fester.

Noun

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fest f (definite singular festa, indefinite plural fester, definite plural festene)

  1. a betrothal
    Dei gjekk i festom.They were engaged.
  2. Alternative form of fester (rope to moor boats with)
Derived terms
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In the sense of an engagement to marry:

Etymology 3

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Inflected forms of festa, feste (to fasten).

Participle

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fest (definite singular and plural feste)

  1. past participle of festa and feste
    1. fastened
    2. engaged
Alternative forms
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Derived terms
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Verb

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fest

  1. inflection of festa:
    1. imperative
    2. supine

Etymology 4

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Inflected form of festa, feste (to party)

Verb

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fest

  1. imperative of festa

References

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Old Norse

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Etymology

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Inflected forms of festa (to fasten).

Participle

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fest

  1. strong feminine nominative singular of festr
  2. strong neuter nominative/accusative singular of festr
  3. strong neuter nominative/accusative plural of festr

Verb

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fest

  1. second-person singular imperative active of festa
  2. supine of festa

Anagrams

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Polish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German fest, from Middle High German vest, from Old High German festi, from Proto-West Germanic *fast, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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fest (not comparable, no derived adverb)

  1. (colloquial) perky, robust, vigorous
    Synonyms: dziarski, krzepki, silny

Declension

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Indeclinable.

Adverb

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fest (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) firmly, strongly
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:bardzo

Noun

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fest m inan

  1. (archaic) celebration, ceremony, function
    Synonyms: święto, uroczystość

Declension

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Derived terms

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adverb

Further reading

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  • fest in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • fest in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German fest.

Adverb

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fest (Cyrillic spelling фест)

  1. (Kajkavian) very
  2. (Kajkavian) intensively
  3. (Kajkavian) tightly, strongly, firmly

Synonyms

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Silesian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German fest. Compare Kashubian fëst

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈfɛst/
  • Rhymes: -ɛst
  • Syllabification: fest

Adverb

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fest

  1. firmly
  2. a lot

Further reading

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Swedish

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Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv
 
en fest

Etymology

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From Latin festum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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fest c

  1. a party, a celebration
    Synonyms: kalas, party, partaj

Declension

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Declension of fest 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fest festen fester festerna
Genitive fests festens festers festernas

Derived terms

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References

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Yola

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Noun

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fest

  1. Alternative form of hist (fist)

References

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  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 40