See also: dails



Alternative formsEdit


From an old (unattested) adjective *dailus, which yielded two parallel forms, a yo-stem adjective (> standard daiļš) and an o-stem adjective (> dialectal dails), from Proto-Baltic *day- with an extra suffix -l, from the o-grade form of Proto-Indo-European *dey-, *doy- (to shine brightly, to glitter, to sparkle). There was some influence in the meaning of this word from a homophonous Proto-Indo-European stem *dey- (to swing, to sway, to swirl; to rush), from which the uses of daiļš to mean “quick, industrious, diligent, skilled” (mostly in folk songs or tales). Cognates include Lithuanian dailùs (pretty, beautiful, lovely, tasteful), Sanskrit दीद्यति (didyati, to shine, to glitter, to sparkle), Ancient Greek δέατο (déato, was visible, appeared, seemed), Irish river name Daol, from *doylā (shining, bright).[1]




daiļš (def. daiļais, comp. daiļāks, sup. visdaiļākais; adv. daiļi)

  1. very beautiful, lovely, exquisite (corresponding to high aesthetic ideals, causng aesthetic pleasure)
    daiļš augums‎ ― beautiful stature, body
    daiļa seja‎ ― lovely, beautiful face
    daiļas rokas‎ ― lovely, beautiful hands
    daiļš zieds‎ ― beautiful, exquisite flower
    daiļais dzimums‎ ― the beautiful, fair sex (i.e., women)
    viss daiļais cilvēka dzīvē‎ ― all (that is) beautiful in human life
    visdaiļāko festivāla meiteni ievēlēs par festivāla skaistuma karalieni‎ ― the most beautiful girl in the festival was chosen as the festival's beauty queen
  2. beautiful, sublime, with profound meaning
    daiļa dvēsele‎ ― beautiful soul
    veidot dzīvi saskanīgu un daiļu‎ ― to make (one's) life harmonious and beautiful
  3. (rare, folkloric) industrious, virtuous, good
    daiļa, daiļa tā meitiņa, kas darbiņu čakli veic‎ ― good, good is the girl who does her work diligently




Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “daiļš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7