See also: dails



Alternative formsEdit


From an old (unattested) adjective *dailus, which yielded two parallel forms, a yo-stem adjective (> standard daiļš) and an o-stem adjective (> dialectal dails), from Proto-Baltic *day- with an extra suffix -l, from the o-grade form of Proto-Indo-European *dey-, *doy- ‎(to shine brightly, to glitter, to sparkle). There was some influence in the meaning of this word from a homophonous Proto-Indo-European stem *dey- ‎(to swing, to sway, to swirl; to rush), from which the uses of daiļš to mean “quick, industrious, diligent, skilled” (mostly in folk songs or tales). Cognates include Lithuanian dailùs ‎(pretty, beautiful, lovely, tasteful), Sanskrit दीद्यति ‎(didyati, to shine, to glitter, to sparkle), Ancient Greek δέατο ‎(déato, was visible, appeared, seemed), Irish river name Daol, from *doylā ‎(shining, bright).[1]




daiļš (def. daiļais, comp. daiļāks, sup. visdaiļākais; adv. daiļi)

  1. very beautiful, lovely, exquisite (corresponding to high aesthetic ideals, causng aesthetic pleasure)
    daiļš augums‎ ― beautiful stature, body
    daiļa seja‎ ― lovely, beautiful face
    daiļas rokas‎ ― lovely, beautiful hands
    daiļš zieds‎ ― beautiful, exquisite flower
    daiļais dzimums‎ ― the beautiful, fair sex (i.e., women)
    viss daiļais cilvēka dzīvē‎ ― all (that is) beautiful in human life
    visdaiļāko festivāla meiteni ievēlēs par festivāla skaistuma karalieni‎ ― the most beautiful girl in the festival was chosen as the festival's beauty queen
  2. beautiful, sublime, with profound meaning
    daiļa dvēsele‎ ― beautiful soul
    veidot dzīvi saskanīgu un daiļu‎ ― to make (one's) life harmonious and beautiful
  3. (rare, folkloric) industrious, virtuous, good
    daiļa, daiļa tā meitiņa, kas darbiņu čakli veic‎ ― good, good is the girl who does her work diligently




Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “daiļš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7