krāšņs

See also: krāsns

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Old East Slavic красьнъ(krasĭnŭ, beautiful) (compare Russian красный(krásnyj, red)), from the same Proto-Indo-European stem as krāsa(color) (q.v.). Borrowed before the 13th century in the form krāsns (first mentioned in 16th- and 17th-century sources), it became krāšņs in the second half of the 18th century, with a palatalized šņ either because of its adverbial form krāšņi, from krāsni, or because of the influence of Russian красный(krasnyj), perhaps re-borrowed as *krāsnij; in either case, the preceding i would have been the cause of the palatalization.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

krāšņs (def. krāšņais, comp. krāšņāks, sup. viskrāšņākais; adv. krāšņi)

  1. very beautiful, gorgeous, splendid, magnificent (that which is excellent or outstanding in beauty of form, color, line, etc.)
    krāšņs zieds‎ ― gorgeous, splendid flower
    krāšņs vainags‎ ― gorgeous wreath
    krāšņs koks‎ ― splendid tree
    krāšņs rotājums‎ ― splendid ornament
    krāšņs saulriets‎ ― gorgeous, splendid sunrise
    krāšņa pilsēta‎ ― magnificent, wonderful city
    jūras krāšņā zilgme‎ ― the magnificent blue of the sea
    viņas tērpi ir krāšņi: tie ir augumam cieši pieguļoši, caurspīdīgi, dziļiem kakla un muguras izgriezumiem‎ ― her clothes are glamorous: close fitting her body, translucid, with deep cuts at her neck and back
    aiz muguras palika strauji augoša pilsēta ar krāšņiem namiem, zaļiem, ēnainiem dārziem un asfaltētām ielām‎ ― behind stayed the rapidly growing city with splendid houses, lush, shady gardens and paved streets
    Andra aukle bija liela sieviete krāšņām, brūnām matu pīnēm, kuras tā nēsāja apvītas galvai‎ ― Andris' sitter was a big woman with gorgeous brown hair in plaits that she wore woven around (her) head
    Nelda viņu vidū pati krāšņākā: mati kā pienenei, nē, drusku iesārti‎ ― Nelda among them is the most beautiful: hair like a dandelion's, no, a little reddish
    Edīte ir krāšņs, ārkārtīgi valdzinošs radījums‎ ― Edīte is a gorgeous, extremely captivating creature
  2. (of places) gorgeous, splendid (having beautiful vegetation, relief forms)
    krāšņs novads‎ ― gorgeous, splendid region
    krāšņa senleja‎ ― magnificent valley
    krāšņa pļava‎ ― gorgeous, splendid meadow
    Aizkapratu Ukraina... krāšņa un bagāta zeme‎ ― Carpathian Ukraine... a splendid and rich land
  3. splendid, wonderful, magnificent, glorious (having rich, varied, very beautiful contents)
    krāšņs izteiksmes stils‎ ― magnificent expression style
    krāšņa valoda‎ ― splendid language
    būt, eksistēt, elpot, sajust un apzināties dzīvības krāšņo plūsmu sev visapkārt: tā taču visaugstākā laime katrai apzinīgai būtnei‎ ― to be, to exist, to breathe, to feel and grasp the glorious flow of life around us: that is the highest happiness for every conscious being
    Daugava spožā, nu reiz tavos krastos Dzīve plaukst krāšņā kā brīnumains zieds‎ ― (oh) bright Daugava, for once on thy glorious shores Life thrives magnificent like a miraculous flower
    vispirms acteku tautas dzeja apžilbina ar savu krāšņo tēlainību‎ ― the first Aztek folk poetry dazzles with its rich imagery
    šis krāšņais lirisms, kas it kā izaudzis no pašām latviešu tautas dziesmu dzīlēm, apņem visu lugu‎ ― this magnificent lyricism, as if grown from the very depths of the Latvian folk songs, embraces the entire play

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “krāšņs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7