See also: dáir, dàir, and Dair

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish dair, from Proto-Celtic *daru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dair f (genitive singular darach or dara, nominative plural daracha)

  1. oak

DeclensionEdit

As a fifth-declension noun
As a third-declension noun

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dair dhair ndair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier daur, from Proto-Celtic *daru, from Proto-Indo-European *dóru; compare Ancient Greek δόρυ (dóru, tree).

NounEdit

dair f (genitive dara or darach)

  1. oak
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 38a9
      quercus .i. daur
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 33a5
      is clí darach Moysi
      oaken pillar of Moses

InflectionEdit

Feminine k-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dair daraigL daraig
Vocative dair daraigL daracha
Accusative daraigN daraigL daracha
Genitive darach darach darachN
Dative daraigL darachaib darachaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dair dairL dairiH
Vocative dair dairL dairiH
Accusative dairN dairL dairiH
Genitive daroH, daraH daroH, daraH daireN
Dative dairL dairib dairib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: dair
  • Manx: darragh
  • Scottish Gaelic: darach

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dair dair
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndair
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.