English edit

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Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin dēnārius. Doublet of denar and dinar.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

denarius (plural denarii or denariuses)

  1. (Ancient Rome, numismatics) A small silver coin issued both during the Roman Republic and during the Roman Empire, equal to 10 asses or 4 sesterces.
    • 1966, James Workman, The Mad Emperor, Melbourne, Sydney: Scripts, page 146:
      "Sorry, I thought you were Aurel. He owes me a denarius. Have you seen him?"
    • 2007, Philip Matyszak, Ancient Rome on 5 Denarii a Day (title of the book)[1]

Usage notes edit

Translations edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From dēnī (ten each) +‎ -ārius.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

dēnārius (feminine dēnāria, neuter dēnārium); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Containing or consisting of ten things
  2. denary

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative dēnārius dēnāria dēnārium dēnāriī dēnāriae dēnāria
Genitive dēnāriī dēnāriae dēnāriī dēnāriōrum dēnāriārum dēnāriōrum
Dative dēnāriō dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Accusative dēnārium dēnāriam dēnārium dēnāriōs dēnāriās dēnāria
Ablative dēnāriō dēnāriā dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Vocative dēnārie dēnāria dēnārium dēnāriī dēnāriae dēnāria

Noun edit

dēnārius m (genitive dēnāriī or dēnārī); second declension

  1. denarius (due to a single coin's value of 10 asses, each made of silver.)

Usage notes edit

One denarius always equals four sesterces. This gives it a value of 10 asses, which later became 16 asses after the values were changed.

Declension edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dēnārius dēnāriī
Genitive dēnāriī
Dative dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Accusative dēnārium dēnāriōs
Ablative dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Vocative dēnārie dēnāriī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related terms edit

  • 𐆖 (the symbol for the denarius)

Descendants edit

  • Italo-Romance:
    • Corsican: dinaru
    • Italian: denaro, danaro, danaio
    • Neapolitan: denaro
    • Sicilian: dinaru
  • North Italian:
  • Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Ancient borrowings:
    • Ancient Greek: δηνάριον (dēnárion) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Brythonic: *dinėr (see there for further descendants)

Reflexes of an assumed variant *dīnārius (first vowel influenced by Byzantine Greek δηνάριον /diˈnarion/)[1]

Modern borrowings:

References edit

  1. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1984), “dinero”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), volume II (Ce–F), Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN, page 497

Further reading edit

  • denarius”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • denarius”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • denarius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • denarius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • corn had gone up to 50 denarii the bushel: ad denarios L in singulos modios annona pervenerat
  • denarius”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • denarius”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin