denarius

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin dēnārius. Doublet of dinar.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

denarius (plural denarii or denariuses)

  1. (Ancient Rome) A small silver coin issued both during the Roman Republic and during the Roman Empire, equal to 10 asses or 4 sesterces.
    • 1966, James Workman, The Mad Emperor, Melbourne, Sydney: Scripts, page 146:
      "Sorry, I thought you were Aurel. He owes me a denarius. Have you seen him?"

Usage notesEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From dēnī (ten each) +‎ -ārius.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dēnārius (feminine dēnāria, neuter dēnārium); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Containing or consisting of ten things
  2. denary

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative dēnārius dēnāria dēnārium dēnāriī dēnāriae dēnāria
Genitive dēnāriī dēnāriae dēnāriī dēnāriōrum dēnāriārum dēnāriōrum
Dative dēnāriō dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Accusative dēnārium dēnāriam dēnārium dēnāriōs dēnāriās dēnāria
Ablative dēnāriō dēnāriā dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Vocative dēnārie dēnāria dēnārium dēnāriī dēnāriae dēnāria

NounEdit

dēnārius m (genitive dēnāriī or dēnārī); second declension

  1. denarius (due to a single coin's value of 10 asses each)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dēnārius dēnāriī
Genitive dēnāriī
dēnārī1
dēnāriōrum
Dative dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Accusative dēnārium dēnāriōs
Ablative dēnāriō dēnāriīs
Vocative dēnārie dēnāriī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Related termsEdit

  • 𐆖 (the symbol for the denarius)

DescendantsEdit

  • Arabic: دِينار(dīnār) (borrowing through Syriac and Ancient Greek)
  • Ancient Greek: δηνάριον (dēnárion) (borrowing, Koine and later)
  • Aragonese: denario (borrowing), dinero
  • Asturian: denariu (borrowing), dineru
  • Catalan: denari (borrowing), diner
  • Corsican: dinaru
  • English: denier (through Old French), denar (through a South Slavic language), denary (borrowing through Middle English), dinar (through Arabic), denarius (direct borrowing)
  • Esperanto: denaro (borrowing)
  • French: dénaire (borrowing), denier
  • Friulian: denâr

ReferencesEdit

  • denarius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • denarius in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • denarius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • denarius in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • corn had gone up to 50 denarii the bushel: ad denarios L in singulos modios annona pervenerat
  • denarius in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • denarius in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin