desperate

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin dēspērātus, past participle of dēspērō (to be without hope)

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdɛsp(ə)ɹət/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

desperate (comparative more desperate, superlative most desperate)

  1. In dire need of something.
    I hadn't eaten in two days and was desperate for food.
  2. Being filled with, or in a state of despair; hopeless.
    • c. 1590–1591, William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:
      Since his exile she hath despised me most, / Forsworn my company and rail'd at me, / That I am desperate of obtaining her.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 16, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “[…] She takes the whole thing with desperate seriousness. But the others are all easy and jovial—thinking about the good fare that is soon to be eaten, about the hired fly, about anything.”
    I was so desperate at one point, I even went to see a loan shark.
  3. Without regard to danger or safety; reckless; furious.
    a desperate effort
  4. Beyond hope; causing despair; extremely perilous; irretrievable.
    a desperate disease;  desperate fortune
  5. Extreme, in a bad sense; outrageous.
  6. Extremely intense.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

NounEdit

desperate (plural desperates)

  1. A person in desperate circumstances or who is at the point of desperation, such as a down-and-outer, addict, etc.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

desperate

  1. plural and definite singular attributive of desperat

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

dēspērāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of dēspērō

ReferencesEdit

  • desperate in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • desperate in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Norwegian BokmålEdit

AdjectiveEdit

desperate

  1. definite singular of desperat
  2. plural of desperat

Norwegian NynorskEdit

AdjectiveEdit

desperate

  1. definite singular of desperat
  2. plural of desperat