English edit

 
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Etymology edit

dys- +‎ lexis +‎ -ia. Via learned borrowing from New Latin dyslexia, produced from Latin dys- + lexis, -ia, a calque of German Dyslexie, coined by German ophthalmologist Rudolf Berlin in 1887, from Ancient Greek δυσ- (dus-) expressing the idea of difficulty, and λέξις (léxis, diction”, “word), the root chosen due to apparent semantic conflation of Greek λέγω (légō, to speak) and Latin legō (to read). Cf. the root of lexicon, Medieval Latin lexicon, Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, dictionary, literally [book of] words).

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: dĭs-lĕkʹsē-ə, IPA(key): /dɪsˈlɛk.si.ə/
  • (file)

Noun edit

dyslexia (countable and uncountable, plural dyslexias)

  1. (neurology, pathology) A learning disability characterized by reading and writing difficulties.

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

New Latin produced from dys- +‎ lexis +‎ -ia, a calque of German Dyslexie, coined by German ophthalmologist Rudolf Berlin in 1887, from Ancient Greek δυσ- (dus-) expressing the idea of difficulty, and λέξις (léxis, speech”; “diction”; “word).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dyslexia f (genitive dyslexiae); first declension (New Latin)

  1. (Contemporary Latin) dyslexia

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dyslexia dyslexiae
Genitive dyslexiae dyslexiārum
Dative dyslexiae dyslexiīs
Accusative dyslexiam dyslexiās
Ablative dyslexiā dyslexiīs
Vocative dyslexia dyslexiae

Descendants edit

  • English: dyslexia (learned)

Slovak edit

Noun edit

dyslexia f (genitive singular dyslexie, nominative plural dyslexie, genitive plural dyslexií)

  1. (neurology, pathology) dyslexia

References edit

  • dyslexia”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024