See also: Erste

German Edit

German numbers (edit)
 ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: eins, (before a noun) ein
    Ordinal: erste
    Sequence adverb: erstens
    Ordinal abbreviation: 1.
    Adverbial: einmal
    Adverbial abbreviation: 1-mal
    Multiplier: einfach
    Multiplier abbreviation: 1-fach
    Fractional: Ganzes

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Middle High German ērest, from Old High German ērist, from Proto-West Germanic *airist.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeːrstə/, [ˈʔeːɐ̯stə], [ˈʔɛɐ̯stə]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ers‧te

Adjective Edit

erste (no predicative form, strong nominative masculine singular erster, not comparable)

  1. (ordinal number) first

Declension Edit

Coordinate terms Edit

Derived terms Edit

Related terms Edit

Further reading Edit

  • erste” in Duden online
  • erste” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Ido Edit

Etymology Edit

Borrowed from German erst.

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɾ.ste/, /ˈɛɾs.te/

Adverb Edit


  1. (of time) not before, not until (then), only (not earlier than), for the first time
    Me venos erste morge.
    I won't come before tomorrow.

Usage notes Edit

*ne ante cannot be used in place of erste, since *ne ante would be a preposition just like ante, not an adverb. "Me venos *ne ante morge" would be totally gibberish since the *ne ante would effect the adverb (morge), not the verb (venos). Instead, one could use "Me venos morge, ne ante", which would be correct.

Old Frisian Edit

Pronunciation Edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeːrste/, [ˈɛːrste]

Adjective Edit


  1. strong nominative or accusative singular feminine of ērst
  2. strong nominative, accusative or dative plural of ērst
  3. weak nominative singular feminine of ērst
  4. weak nominative or accusative singular neuter of ērst