See also: Reflex

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin reflexus, past participle of reflectere (to bend back). Photography sense is from noun sense meaning “reflection”.

PronunciationEdit

  • (noun, adjective) IPA(key): /ˈɹiːflɛks/
  • (file)
  • (verb) IPA(key): /ɹɪˈflɛks/
  • (file)

NounEdit

reflex (plural reflexes)

Examples

English eye is the reflex of Old English ēage.

  1. An automatic response to a simple stimulus which does not require mental processing.
    • 1970, Stanisław Lem, trans. Joanna Kilmartin and Steve Cox, Solaris:
      For a while, I shall have to make a conscious effort to smile, nod, stand and perform the thousands of little gestures which constitute life on Earth, and then those gestures will become reflexes again.
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on, with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.
  2. (linguistics) The descendant of an earlier language element, such as a word or phoneme, in a daughter language.
    Synonym: derivative
    Antonym: etymon
    Coordinate term: cognate
  3. (linguistics, rare) The ancestor word corresponding to a descendant.
  4. The descendant of anything from an earlier time, such as a cultural myth.
    • 1898, Christian Brinton, in The Century
      The superstition of the loup-garou, or werewolf, belongs to the folklore of most modern nations, and has its reflex in the story of "Little Red Riding-hood" and others.
  5. (chiefly photography) Reflection or an image produced by reflection. The light reflected from an illuminated surface to one in shade.
    A reflex camera uses a mirror to reflect the image onto a ground-glass viewfinder.

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

reflex (comparative more reflex, superlative most reflex)

  1. Bent, turned back or reflected.
    • a. 1677, Matthew Hale, The Primitive Origination of Mankind, Considered and Examined According to the Light of Nature, London: [] William Godbid, for William Shrowsbery, [], published 1677, OCLC 42005461:
      the reflex act of the soul, or the turning of the intellectual eye inward upon its own actions
  2. Produced automatically by a stimulus.
  3. (geometry, of an angle) Having greater than 180 degrees but less than 360 degrees.
    • 1878, James Maurice Wilson, Elementary Geometry, MacMillan, page 10:
      A polygon is said to be convex when no one of its angles is reflex.
    • 1895, David Eugen Smith and Wooster Woodruff Bernan, New Plane and Solid Geometry, page 7:
      An angle less than a right angle is said to be acute; one greater than a right angle but less than a straight angle is said to be obtuse; one greater than a straight angle but less than a perigon is said to be reflex or convex.
    • 1958, Howard Fehr, “On Teaching Dihedral Angle and Steradian” in The Mathematics Teacher, v 51, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, page 275:
      If the reflex region is the interior of the angle, the dihedral angle is reflex.
    • 1991, B. Falcidieno et al, “Configurable Representations in Feature-based Modelling” in Eurographics '91: Proceedings, North-Holland, page 145:
      A reflex edge of a polyhedron is an edge where the inner dihedral angle subtended by two incident faces is greater than 180°.
    • 2001, Esther M. Arkin et al, “On the Reflexivity of Point Sets”, in Algorithms and data structures: 7th International Workshop, WADS 2001: Proceedings, Springer, page 195:
      We say that an angle is convex if it is not reflex.
    • 2004, Ana Paula Tomás and António Leslie Bajuelos, “Quadratic-Time Linear-Space Algorithms Generating Orthogonal Polygons with a Given Number of Vertices”, in Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2004 Proceedings, part 3, Springer, page 117:
      P denotes a polygon and r the number of reflex vertices.
  4. (painting) Illuminated by light reflected from another part of the same picture.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

reflex (third-person singular simple present reflexes, present participle reflexing, simple past and past participle reflexed)

  1. (transitive) To bend back or turn back over itself.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To reflect (light, sight, etc.).
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To reflect or mirror (an object), to show the image of.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To cast (beams of light) on something.
  5. To respond to a stimulus.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin reflexus, first attested 1803.[1]

AdjectiveEdit

reflex (feminine reflexa, masculine plural reflexos, feminine plural reflexes)

  1. reflected
    Synonym: reflectit
  2. (psychology) reflex
    acte reflexreflex action
  3. (botany) reflexed
  4. (linguistics) reflexive
    Synonym: reflexiu

NounEdit

reflex m (plural reflexos)

  1. reflection (something that is reflected)
    Synonym: reflexió
  2. reflex (an automatic response to a simple stimulus)

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ reflex”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

CzechEdit

NounEdit

reflex m

  1. reflex

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • reflex in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • reflex in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French réflexe, from Latin reflexus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /reːˈflɛks/, /rəˈflɛks/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: re‧flex
  • Rhymes: -ɛks

NounEdit

reflex m (plural reflexen, diminutive reflexjes n)

  1. reflex (automatic response by an organism)
    Synonym: reflexus

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: refleks

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Reflex, from French réflexe.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɛflɛks]
  • Hyphenation: ref‧lex
  • Rhymes: -ɛks

NounEdit

reflex (plural reflexek)

  1. reflex (an automatic response to a simple stimulus which does not require mental processing)
  2. (photography) reflection
    Synonyms: visszfény, tükröződés

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative reflex reflexek
accusative reflexet reflexeket
dative reflexnek reflexeknek
instrumental reflexszel reflexekkel
causal-final reflexért reflexekért
translative reflexszé reflexekké
terminative reflexig reflexekig
essive-formal reflexként reflexekként
essive-modal
inessive reflexben reflexekben
superessive reflexen reflexeken
adessive reflexnél reflexeknél
illative reflexbe reflexekbe
sublative reflexre reflexekre
allative reflexhez reflexekhez
elative reflexből reflexekből
delative reflexről reflexekről
ablative reflextől reflexektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
reflexé reflexeké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
reflexéi reflexekéi
Possessive forms of reflex
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. reflexem reflexeim
2nd person sing. reflexed reflexeid
3rd person sing. reflexe reflexei
1st person plural reflexünk reflexeink
2nd person plural reflexetek reflexeitek
3rd person plural reflexük reflexeik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French réflexe, from Latin Reflex.

AdjectiveEdit

reflex m or n (feminine singular reflexă, masculine plural reflecși, feminine and neuter plural reflexe)

  1. reflex

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French réflexe, first attested 1811.[1]

NounEdit

reflex c

  1. a reflex, a (quick and spontaneous) reaction
  2. a reflector (tag, strip or band; carried by pedestrians and bicyclists to be visible from automobiles)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of reflex 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative reflex reflexen reflexer reflexerna
Genitive reflex reflexens reflexers reflexernas

ReferencesEdit