English edit

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Particularly: “linguistics senses (adjective and noun)”

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin cognātus (related by blood), from com- + gnātus (born). Doublet of connate and cognatus.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɒɡ.neɪt/, /ˈkɒɡ.nɪt/, /ˈkɒɡ.nət/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɑɡ.neɪt/, /ˈkɑɡ.nɪt/, /ˈkɑɡ.nət/
  • (file)

Adjective edit

Examples (linguistics)

cognate (not comparable)

  1. Allied by blood; kindred by birth; specifically (law) related on the mother's side.
    Synonyms: akin, same-blooded; see also Thesaurus:consanguine
  2. Of the same or a similar nature; of the same family; proceeding from the same stock or root.
    Synonyms: allied, kindred, connate; see also Thesaurus:akin
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Grove Press, published 1959, →OCLC:
      This explanation provoked further great hilarity among the members of the committee. And the frankness was admired by many with which Louit, on his return, confessed to having found, in the course of his excursion, three barns in all, of which two contained empty bottles and the third the skeleton of a goat. But in other quarters this and cognate statements were viewed in another and less friendly light.
  3. (linguistics) Descended from the same source lexemes (same etymons) of an ancestor language.

Usage notes edit

“Cognate to” is much less common than “cognate with” and not even mentioned in most dictionaries.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Noun edit

cognate (plural cognates)

  1. One of a number of things allied in origin or nature.
  2. (law, dated) One who is related to another on the female side.
  3. (law, dated) One who is related to another, both having descended from a common ancestor through legal marriages.
  4. (linguistics) A word either descended from the same base word of the same ancestor language as the given word, or strongly believed to be a regular reflex of the same reconstructed root of proto-language as the given word.
    Hypernym: paronym
    Coordinate terms: etymon, derivative/reflex

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Italian edit

Noun edit

cognate f

  1. plural of cognata

Latin edit

Adjective edit


  1. vocative masculine singular of cognātus