- The state of surpassing or going beyond a limit; the state of being beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; more than what is usual or proper.
- The excess of heavy water was given away to the neighbouring country.
- c. 1597, William Shakespeare, King John, act 4, scene 2:
- To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
- To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
- Is wasteful and ridiculous excess.
- c. 1690, William Walsh, "Jealosy", in The Poetical Works of William Walsh (1797), page 19 (Google preview):
- That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy.
- 2020 July 29, Paul Stephen, “A new collaboration centred on New Street”, in Rail, page 54:
- [...] after the original Victorian station was demolished and then entombed in concrete in the 1960s, Birmingham New Street became a byword for the worst excesses of the much-loathed Brutalist architecture so widely used to reconstruct inner-city post-war Britain.
- The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder.
- The difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.
- An act of eating or drinking more than enough.
- (geometry) Spherical excess, the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
- (Britain, insurance) A condition on an insurance policy by which the insured pays for a part of the claim.
state of surpassing limits
degree by which one thing exceeds another
undue indulgence of the appetite
geometry: spherical excess
excess (not comparable)
- (US, transitive) To declare (an employee) surplus to requirements, such that he or she might not be given work.
- 2008 May 3, “When New York Teachers Don’t Teach”, in New York Times:
- In 2006, I was excessed because my program had to make a few cuts and a new, inexperienced supervisor decided that he couldn’t handle a knowledgeable older teacher so he removed me.
- excess in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- excess in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.