Franchise on English Wikipedia

Wikipedia en


  • IPA(key): /ˈfɹænt͡ʃaɪ̯z/

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English, from Old French franchise ‎(freedom), a derivative of franc ‎(free). More at frank.


franchise ‎(countable and uncountable, plural franchises)

  1. A right or privilege officially granted to a person, a group of people, or a company by a government.
    • W. H. Seward
      Election by universal suffrage, as modified by the Constitution, is the one crowning franchise of the American people.
  2. An acknowledgment of a corporation's existence and ownership.
  3. The authorization granted by a company to sell or distribute its goods or services in a certain area.
    McDonalds has exported its franchise.
  4. A business operating under such authorization, a franchisee.
  5. A legal exemption from jurisdiction.
  6. The membership of a corporation or state; citizenship.
  7. The right to vote at a public election or referendum.
  8. The district or jurisdiction to which a particular privilege extends; the limits of an immunity; hence, an asylum or sanctuary.
    • London Encyc.
      Churches and monasteries in Spain are franchises for criminals.
  9. (sports) The collection of organizations in the history of a sports team; the tradition of a sports team as an entity, extending beyond the contemporary organization.
    The Whalers' home city of Hartford was one of many for the franchise.
  10. (business, marketing) The positive influence on the buying behavior of customers exerted by the reputation of a company or a brand.
    • 2000, John Philip Jones, Behind powerful brands: from strategy to campaign, page 80:
      Once a brand has established a consumer franchise and a brand image, it takes a long time for these to decay, as the image is maintained more by people's personal familiarity with and usage of the brand than by external marketing stimuli.
    • 2002, Robert G. Hagstrom, The Essential Buffett: Timeless Principles for the New Economy, page 26:
      Warren Buffett teaches us that the best business to own, the one with the best long-term prospects is a franchise - one that sells a product or service that is needed or desired, has no close substitute, and yields profits that are unregulated.
    • 2007, Jack L. Treynor, Treynor on institutional investing, page 354:
      Certain other industries have no plant. Value derives entirely from brand franchise. (Consulting firms, engineering firms, and advertising agencies do not talk about the value of their franchise. Instead, they talk about "reputation".)
  11. The loose collection of fictional works pertaining to a particular universe, including literary, film, or television series from various sources.
    the Star Wars franchise
  12. Exemption from constraint or oppression; freedom; liberty.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  13. (obsolete) Magnanimity; generosity; liberality; frankness; nobility.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English franchisen, fraunchisen, from Old French franchir ‎(stem franchiss-, to set free), from franc ‎(free). More at frank.


franchise ‎(third-person singular simple present franchises, present participle franchising, simple past and past participle franchised)

  1. (transitive) To confer certain powers on; grant a franchise to; authorize.
  2. (transitive, rare) To set free; invest with a franchise or privilege; enfranchise.



  • IPA(key): /ˈfrænt͡ʃais/; final "e" becomes audible in the inflected forms and is pronounced as (Finnish and IPA) "i" in singular forms as well as in nominative plural and "e" in other plural forms. Otherwise the case suffixes are pronounced as in ordinary Finnish words. For example genitive singular becomes /ˈfrænt͡ʃaisin/ and inessive plural /ˈfrænt͡ʃaiseissa/. There may be considerable variation between individuals.



  1. franchise (authorization granted by a company to sell or distribute its goods or services in a certain area)


Inflection of this word is challenging as it does not readily adapt to Finnish spelling conventions. In speech the pronouncing goes as if this was a "risti"-type noun with the exception that the final vowel in nominative singular is silent. In writing the original English spelling usually remains intact but there is variation in recording the case suffixes. Two options are shown below. The second one may look clumsy bit it eliminates guesswork from pronunciation. The part before apostrophe is pronounced as in English and the remainder as in Finnish.

Derived termsEdit



From Middle French, from Old French franchise ‎(freedom, privileged liberty), from franc ‎(free) + -ise (from Latin -itia).



franchise f ‎(plural franchises)

  1. (archaic) liberty, freedom
  2. frankness, honesty
  3. (insurance) excess (UK), deductible (US)
  4. (business) franchise




  1. first-person singular present indicative of franchiser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of franchiser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of franchiser
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of franchiser
  5. second-person singular imperative of franchiser


External linksEdit

Old FrenchEdit


franchise f ‎(oblique plural franchises, nominative singular franchise, nominative plural franchises)

  1. freedom (quality of being free)
  2. nobleness; chivalry (quality of being noble or chivalrous)




franchise m (plural franchises)

  1. franchise (business licensed to operate under a given business model and brand)


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