surplus

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English surplus, from Middle French surplus. Compare French surplus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

surplus (countable and uncountable, plural surpluses or surplusses)

  1. That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
  2. Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
  3. (law) The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
  4. (law) assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

surplus (not comparable)

  1. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient.
    surplus population
    surplus words
    The latest shipment of goods is surplus to our needs.
    • 1953, Samuel Beckett, Watt
      But to return to where we left her, I see her still, propped up in a kind of stupor against one of the walls in which this wretched edifice abounds, her long grey greasy hair framing in its cowl of scrofulous mats a face where pallor, languor, hunger, acne, recent dirt, immemorial chagrin and surplus hair seemed to dispute the mastery.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

surplus (third-person singular simple present surpluses or surplusses, present participle surplussing or surplusing, simple past and past participle surplussed or surplused)

  1. (transitive) To treat as surplus to requirements; to sell off or dismiss from employment, etc.
    • 1952, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations, Moroccan air base construction. 2 v (page 618)
      This employee was engaged to direct asphalt plants and inasmuch as the work for which he had been employed was completed, he was surplused and his return travel was approved []

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch surplus, from Middle French surplus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsʏr.plʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sur‧plus

NounEdit

surplus n (plural surplussen, diminutive surplusje n)

  1. A surplus value, notably of money.
    Synonym: overschot
    Antonym: tekort
  2. A remaining quantity, notably stock excess.
    Synonyms: restant, overschot

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French surplus, from Old French sorplus. Equivalent to sur- +‎ plus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

surplus m (plural surplus)

  1. A surplus.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Italian: surplus

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French surplus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /surˈplus/, /ˈsur.plus/[1]
  • Rhymes: -us, -urplus
  • Hyphenation: sur‧plùs, sùr‧plus

NounEdit

surplus m (invariable)

  1. a surplus (all senses)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ surplus in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French surplus.

NounEdit

surplus n (plural surplusuri)

  1. surplus

DeclensionEdit