surplus

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English surplus, from Middle French surplus. Compare French surplus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

surplus (countable and uncountable, plural surpluses or surplusses)

  1. That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
  2. Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
  3. (law) The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose.
  4. (law) assets left after liabilities and debts, including capital stock have been deducted.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

surplus (not comparable)

  1. Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient
    surplus revenues
    surplus population
    surplus words
    It is surplus to our needs
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

surplus (third-person singular simple present surpluses or surplusses, present participle surplussing or surplusing, simple past and past participle surplussed or surplused)

  1. To treat as surplus to requirements, to sell off.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch surplus, from Middle French surplus.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sur‧plus

NounEdit

surplus n (plural surplussen, diminutive surplusje n)

  1. surplus
    Synonym: overschot

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French surplus, from Old French sorplus. Equivalent to sur- +‎ plus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

surplus m (plural surplus)

  1. surplus

DescendantsEdit

  • Italian: surplus

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French surplus.

NounEdit

surplus m (invariable)

  1. surplus (all senses)