firman (plural firmans)
- A royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, especially by the Sultan of Turkey.
- Hyponym: hatti-sherif
- 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, IV:
- his Sublimity's firman, The most imperative of sovereign spells, / Which every body does without who can […]
- 1990, Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game, Folio Society 2010, p. 134:
- He managed to obtain from the vizier a firman bearing the Emir's personal seal and ordering all Bokharan officials to assist the party in every way possible.
- 2005: International Law And The Great War, Coleman Phillipson
- It will be noted that the title of Sultan was adopted partly because that of Khedive had been conferred by an Ottoman firman.
- accusative singular of firma
- Genitive singular form of firma.
From Malay firman, from Classical Malay firman (“permission”), from Persian فرمان (farmân, “command, order, decree”), from Middle Persian 𐫜𐫡𐫖𐫀𐫗 (frmʾn /framān/, “order, command”), from Old Persian 𐎳𐎼𐎶𐎠𐎴𐎠 (f-r-m-a-n-a /framānā/, “command”).
- “firman” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.
firman n (plural firmane)
- Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of firmar.
- (used formally in Spain) Second-person plural present indicative form of firmar.
- definite singular of firma