FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse gjalda, from Proto-Germanic *geldaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Cognates include English yield, German gelten, Dutch gelden, Swedish gälla, Norwegian gjelde, Icelandic gjalda and Danish gælde.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gjalda (third person singular past indicative galt, third person plural past indicative guldu, supine goldið)

  1. to pay

Usage notesEdit

Not to be mixed with galda or gelda which are partially homophonic with this verb.

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of gjalda (irregular)
infinitive gjalda
supine goldið
participle (a26)1 gjaldandi goldin
present past
first singular gjaldi galt
second singular geldur galt
third singular geldur galt
plural gjalda guldu
imperative
singular gjald!
plural gjaldið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse gjalda, from Proto-Germanic *geldaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Cognates include English yield, German gelten, Dutch gelden, Swedish gälla, Norwegian gjelde, Faroese gjalda and Danish gælde.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gjalda (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative galt, third-person plural past indicative guldu, supine goldið)

  1. to pay

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *geldaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay).

VerbEdit

gjalda (singular past indicative galt, plural past indicative guldu, past participle goldinn)

  1. (ditransitive) to repay, return
    • gjalda gjǫf við gjǫf
      to pay back gift for gift
  2. (figuratively) to give
  3. (with genitive) to pay for, suffer on account

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • gjalda in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press