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See also: Geld and geldt

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English geld and reinforced by Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, ġield (payment, tribute), from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Cognate with North Frisian jild (money), Saterland Frisian Jield, Jäild (money), Dutch geld (money), German Geld (money), Old Norse gjald (payment), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild, tribute). Also related to English yield. Geld is also written gelt or gild, and as such found in wergild, Danegeld, etc. Probably reinforced by gelt (which see).

NounEdit

geld (countable and uncountable, plural gelds)

  1. Money.
    1. A tribute.
    2. Compensation, especially financial.
    3. A ransom.
    4. A medieval form of land tax.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse gelda (geld, castrate), from geldr (yielding no milk, dry), cognate with Old High German galt[1]. Cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌸𐌰 (gilþa, sickle)[2]. Compare the archaic German Gelze (castrated swine) and gelzen (castrate), Danish galt (castrated boar) (from Old Norse gǫltr (boar, hog), cognate with English gilt) and gilde (to geld). "gelding" derives from Old Norse geldingr.[1]

VerbEdit

geld (third-person singular simple present gelds, present participle gelding, simple past and past participle gelded or gelt)

  1. (transitive) To castrate a male (usually an animal).
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room, Vintage Classics, paperback edition, page 16-17
      "Poor old Topaz," said Mrs Flanders, as he stretched himself out in the sun, and she smiled, thinking how she had had him gelded, and how she did not like red hair in men.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To deprive of anything essential; to weaken.
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 geld” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018.
  2. ^ geld in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch geld (money), cognate with German Geld (money), Old Norse gjald (payment), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild, tribute).

NounEdit

geld (plural geld)

  1. money

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -ɛlt
  • IPA(key): /ɣɛlt/, (Northern Dutch) [xɛlt], (Southern Dutch) [ɣɛlt]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch gheld, ghelt, from Old Dutch geld, from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Cognate with English geld, yield, German Geld (money), West Frisian jild, Old Norse gjald (payment), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild, tribute).

NounEdit

geld n (plural gelden)

  1. money
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch gelde. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

AdjectiveEdit

geld (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete, of female animals) not pregnant
    Antonyms: drachtig
  2. (obsolete, of fish) male
InflectionEdit
Inflection of geld
uninflected geld
inflected gelde
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial geld
indefinite m./f. sing. gelde
n. sing. geld
plural gelde
definite gelde
partitive gelds
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • West Frisian: geld

Etymology 3Edit

See etymology on the main entry.

VerbEdit

geld

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gelden
  2. imperative of gelden

IcelandicEdit

VerbEdit

geld

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gjalda

ScotsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

geld (comparative mair geld, superlative maist geld)

  1. Alternative form of yeld