See also: Geld and geldt

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɡɛld/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛld

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English geld and reinforced by Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, ġield (payment, tribute), from Proto-West Germanic *geld, from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay). Probably reinforced by gelt (which see), see Norwegian Bokmål gjeld (debt). Geld is also written gelt or gild, and as such found in wergild, Danegeld, etc.

NounEdit

geld (countable and uncountable, plural gelds)

  1. (chiefly archaic or historical) Money.
    1. (historical) In particular, (money paid as) a medieval form of land tax.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English gelden, from Old Norse gelda (to geld, castrate), from geldr (yielding no milk, dry), cognate with Old High German galt.[1] Cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌸𐌰 (gilþa, sickle).[2] Compare the archaic German Gelze (castrated swine) and gelzen (castrate), Danish galt (castrated boar) (from Old Norse gǫltr (boar, hog), cognate with English gilt) and gilde (to geld). "gelding" derives from Old Norse geldingr.[1]

VerbEdit

geld (third-person singular simple present gelds, present participle gelding, simple past and past participle gelded or gelt)

  1. (transitive) To castrate a male (usually an animal).
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room, Vintage Classics, paperback edition, page 16-17:
      "Poor old Topaz," said Mrs Flanders, as he stretched himself out in the sun, and she smiled, thinking how she had had him gelded, and how she did not like red hair in men.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To deprive of anything essential; to weaken.
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

geld (plural gelds)

  1. A female animal, such as a ewe or cow, that is not pregnant.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “geld”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ geld in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.



AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch geld (money), from Middle Dutch gelt, from Old Dutch geld, from Proto-Germanic *geldą, cognate with German Geld (money), Old Norse gjald (payment), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild, tribute).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

geld (plural geld)

  1. money

DescendantsEdit

  • Sotho: tjhelete
  • Venda: tshelede

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɣɛlt/, (Northern Dutch) [xɛlt], (Southern Dutch) [ɣɛlt]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: geld
  • Rhymes: -ɛlt

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch gelt, gheld, ghelt, from Old Dutch geld, from Proto-West Germanic *geld, from Proto-Germanic *geldą (reward, gift, money), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay).

NounEdit

geld n (plural gelden)

  1. money
    Synonyms: doekoe, poen
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch gelde, probably borrowed from Old Norse geldr (barren, yielding no milk), from Proto-Germanic *galdaz, *galdijaz (barren, unfruitful). The ultimate origin is uncertain; possibly from Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to cut)[1], or from *gʰel- (to shout, cry).[2]

AdjectiveEdit

geld (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete, of female animals) not pregnant
    Antonym: drachtig
  2. (obsolete, of fish) male
InflectionEdit
Inflection of geld
uninflected geld
inflected gelde
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial geld
indefinite m./f. sing. gelde
n. sing. geld
plural gelde
definite gelde
partitive gelds
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • West Frisian: geld

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

geld

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gelden
  2. imperative of gelden

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ geld”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “geld2”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

IcelandicEdit

VerbEdit

geld

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gjalda

ScotsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

geld (comparative mair geld, superlative maist geld)

  1. Alternative form of yeld