DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɣɛldə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛldən

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch gelden, from Old Dutch *geldan, from Proto-Germanic *geldaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay).

VerbEdit

gelden

  1. (intransitive) to apply, to be applicable, to be in effect
    De twee minuten stilte gelden in het hele land, ook op plaatsen waar geen plechtigheid wordt gehouden.
    The two minutes of silence apply throughout the whole land, even in places where no ceremony is held.
  2. (intransitive) to count (be estimated as valid, useful, or influential)
  3. (intransitive) to be considered [+ als (object) = as], to be considered to be
    De Bataven golden in vroeg-Romeinse tijd als elitetroepen.
    The Batavians were considered to be elite troops in early-Roman times.
    Het Oktoberfest geldt als het grootste bierfestival ter wereld en wordt jaarlijks door meer dan zes miljoen mensen bezocht.
    The Oktoberfest is considered the biggest beer festival in the world and is yearly visited by more than six million people.
InflectionEdit
Inflection of gelden (strong class 3)
infinitive gelden
past singular gold
past participle gegolden
infinitive gelden
gerund gelden n
present tense past tense
1st person singular geld gold
2nd person sing. (jij) geldt gold
2nd person sing. (u) geldt gold
2nd person sing. (gij) geldt goldt
3rd person singular geldt gold
plural gelden golden
subjunctive sing.1 gelde golde
subjunctive plur.1 gelden golden
imperative sing. geld
imperative plur.1 geldt
participles geldend gegolden
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

gelden

  1. Plural form of geld

AnagramsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *geldan, from Proto-Germanic *geldaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (to pay).

VerbEdit

gelden

  1. to pay, to satisfy (a payment)
  2. to buy
  3. to compensate, to give recompense
  4. to yield, to produce
  5. (of a promise) to keep, to come through on

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: gelden
  • Limburgish: gèlje

Further readingEdit

  • ghelden (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “gelden”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN


Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈkeːlːten/

VerbEdit

gēlden

  1. first-person singular past indicative of gealdit