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Alternative formsEdit


From the same stem as the verb glaust (to smooth, to pet) (q.v.): Proto-Indo-European *glewd-, *glūd, *glud (to press, to smear, to stick). An original Proto-Baltic u-stem *gludus was replaced in Latvian by a parallel o-stem form, from which came gluds, and a parallel yo-stem form, which gave rise to dialectal glužs, from which also the standard Latvian adverb gluži (quite; completely) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian gludùs (smooth, flat; sleek; lovely).[1]




gluds (definite gludais, comparative gludāks, superlative visgludākais, adverb gludi)

  1. smooth (without much friction, without surface irregularities like bumps, holes, etc.)
    gluds ledus, papīrs, dēlissmooth ice, paper, board
    gludi oļismooth pebbles
    gluda grīdasmooth floor
  2. (of water surfaces) smooth (without waves)
    ugunskura dūmi lēni plūst pār gludo upes līmenithe campfire smoke slowly flows above the smooth river level
  3. (of faces, skin) smooth (without wrinkles, rash; also without hair, beard)
    gluda piere, sejasmooth forehead, face
    gluds zodssmooth chin
  4. (of hair, head) smooth, sleek (neatly, carefully combed, without curls)
    gludi matismooth hair
    gluda galvasmooth head (of hair)
    zirgam gludas krēpesthe horse (has) a smooth mane
  5. (of language) smooth (flowing well, well written, without problems, with the right style)
    Krūmam ļoti patika tādi rakstnieki, kuriem gludi teikumi, visi komati un punkti, kā pienākasKrūms liked writers who had smooth sentences, (with) all commas and periods, as it should be
  6. (of events, actions) smooth (without problems, difficulties, failures)
    nav jau arī mana dzīve bijusi diezin cik gludathen again my life hasn't been hardly that smooth




Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “gluds”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN