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See also: stylé and -style

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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

The noun is derived from Middle English stile, stel, stele, stiel, stiele, stil, still, stille, styele, style, styill, styll, styyl (writing tool, stylus; piece of written work; characteristic mode of expression, particularly one regarded as high quality; demeanour, manner, way of life; person's designation or title; stem of a plant; period of time),[1] from Old French style, estile, stil, stile (modern French style), or from Medieval Latin stylus, both from Latin stilus (pointed instrument, pale, spike, stake; writing tool, stylus; act of setting down in writing, composition; characteristic mode of expression, style; stem of a plant), from Proto-Indo-European *steyg- (to be sharp; to pierce, prick, puncture, stab; to goad).[2][3]

The English word is cognate with Catalan estil (engraving tool, stylus; gnomon; manner of doing something, style; fashionable skill, grace), German Stiel (handle; stalk), Italian stilo (needle, stylus; fountain pen; beam; gnomon; part of pistil, style), Occitan estil, Portuguese estilo (writing tool, stylus; manner of doing something, style), Spanish estilo (writing tool, stylus; manner of doing something, style; fashionable skill, grace; part of pistil, style).[2]

The verb is derived from the noun.[4]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

style (countable and uncountable, plural styles)

  1. Senses relating to a thin, pointed object.
    1. (historical) A sharp stick used for writing on clay tablets or other surfaces; a stylus; (by extension, obsolete) an instrument used to write with ink; a pen.
    2. A tool with a sharp point used in engraving; a burin, a graver, a stylet, a stylus.
      • 1821, James Townley, chapter I, in Illustrations of Biblical Literature, Exhibiting the History and Fate of the Sacred Writings, from the Earliest Period to the Present Century; [], volume I, London: Printed [by B. Crompton] for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, [], OCLC 498430079, part I (From the Giving of the Law to the Birth of Christ), page 27:
        From Job xix. 24. it appears to have been usual in his day, to write or engrave upon Plates of Lead, which might easily be done with a Pen, or Graver, or Style of Iron, or other hard metal.
    3. The gnomon or pin of a sundial, the shadow of which indicates the hour.
      • 1697, Joseph Moxon, “Operat[ioni] II. To Describe a Dyal upon a Horizontal Plane.”, in Mechanick Dyalling: Teaching any Man, though of an Ordinary Capacity and Unlearned in Mathematicks, to Draw a True Sun-dial on any Given Plane, [], 3rd edition, London: Printed for James Moxon, [], OCLC 57050730, page 17:
        Laſt of all fit a Triangular Iron, whoſe angular point being laid to the Center of the Dyal Plane, one ſide muſt agree with the Subſtilar Line, and its other ſide with the Stilar Line; ſo is the Stile made. And this Stile you muſt erect perpendicularly over the Subſtilar Line on the Dyal Plane, and there fix it. Then is your Dyal finiſhed.
    4. (botany) The stalk that connects the stigma(s) to the ovary in a pistil of a flower.
      Synonym: stylet
    5. (surgery) A kind of surgical instrument with a blunt point, used for exploration.
      Synonym: stylet
    6. (zoology) A small, thin, pointed body part.
      Synonym: stylet
      1. (entomology) A long, slender, bristle-like process near the anal region.
        the anal styles of insects
  2. (by extension from sense 1.1) A particular manner of expression in writing or speech, especially one regarded as good.
    • 1678, John Bunyan, “The Author’s Apology for His Book”, in The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World, to That which is to Come: [], London: Printed for Nath[aniel] Ponder [], OCLC 228725984; reprinted in The Pilgrim’s Progress (The Noel Douglas Replicas), London: Noel Douglas, [], 1928, OCLC 5190338:
      May I not write in such a ſtile as this? / In ſuch a method too, and yet not miſs / Mine end, thy good? why may it not be done?
    • 1752 January 21 (indicated as 1751 Old Style), Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, “Letter CCVIII”, in Letters Written by the Late Right Honourable Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield, to His Son, Philip Stanhope, Esq; [] In Four Volumes, volume III, 6th edition, London: Published by Mrs. Eugenia Stanhope, []; printed for J[ames] Dodsley, [], published 1775, OCLC 1098843824, page 113:
      Read Lord Bolingbroke's [book] with great attention, as well as to the ſtyle as to the matter. I wiſh you could form yourſelf ſuch a ſtyle in every language. Style is the dreſs of thoughts, and a well-dreſſed thought, like a well-dreſſed man, appears to great advantage.
    • 1790, Conyers Middleton, “To the Right Honorable John Lord Hervey, Lord Keeper of His Majesty’s Privy Seal”, in The History of the Life of M. Tullius Cicero, volume I, new edition, Basel: Printed for J. J. Tourneisen [i.e., Johann Jakob Thurneysen]; and J. L. Legrand, OCLC 938165873, page iii:
      The public will naturally expect, that in chuſing a Patron for the Life of Cicero, I should addreſs myſelf to ſome perſon of illuſtrious rank, diſtinguished by his parts and eloquence, and bearing a principal share in the great affairs of the Nation; who, according to the uſual ſtyle of Dedications, might be the proper ſubject of a compariſon with the Hero of my piece.
    • 1806 February, Isaac D’Israeli, “Remarks on Style”, in The Literary Magazine, and American Register, volume V, number XXIX, Philadelphia, Pa.: Published by J[ohn] Conrad & Co. [et al.], OCLC 699536048, page 105, column 1:
      After all, it is style alone by which posterity will judge of a great work, for an author can have nothing truly his own but his style; facts, scientific discoveries, and every kind of information, may be seized by all; but an author's diction cannot be taken from him.
    1. A legal or traditional term or formula of words used to address or refer to a person, especially a monarch or a person holding a post or having a title.
      Monarchs are often addressed with the style of Majesty.
      • 1683, Joseph Moxon, “§ 25. The Office of the Warehouse-keeper. [(As an Appendix.) Ancient Customs Used in a Printing-house.]”, in Mechanick Exercises: Or, The Doctrine of Handy-books. Applied to the Art of Printing, volume II, London: Printed for Joseph Moxon [], OCLC 427106359, number XXII, page 356:
        Every Printing-houſe is by the Cuſtom of Time out of mind, called a Chappel; and all the Workmen that belong to it are Members of the Chappel: and the Oldeſt Freeman is the Father of the Chappel. I ſuppoſe the ſtile was originally conferred upon it by the courteſie of ſome great Churchman, or men, (doubtleſs when Chappels were in more veneration than of late years they have been here in England) who for the Books of Divinity that proceeded from a Printing-houſe, gave it the Reverend Title of Chappel.
      • 1796, Edmund Burke, A Letter from the Right Honourable Edmund Burke to a Noble Lord [William Fitzwilliam, 4th Earl Fitzwilliam], on the Attacks Made upon Him and His Pension, in the House of Lords, by the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Lauderdale, Early in the Present Sessions of Parliament, London: Printed for J. Owen, [], and F[rancis] and C[harles] Rivington, [], OCLC 1108680674, page 10:
        One ſtyle to a gracious benefactor, another to a proud, inſulting foe.
      • 1821 May 26, “Annals of the Coinage of Britain and Its Dependencies, from the Earliest Period of Authentic History to the End of the Fiftieth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George III. By the Rev. Rogers Ruding, [] The Second Edition, Corrected, Enlarged, and Continued to the Close of the Year 1818. 5 vols. 8vo. With a 4to. vol. of Plates. London, 1819. [book review]”, in The Literary Chronicle and Weekly Review; [], volume III, number 106, London: Printed by Davidson, [], published by [John] Limbird, [], sold also by Souter [et al.], OCLC 70747075, page 327:
        During the whole of the reign of George I., the money was of the same species and value as that of Queen Anne, but to his style upon the reverse, were added his German titles, with Fidei Defensor [Defender of the Faith], which then, for the first time, appeared upon the coins, although it had been constantly used in the style of our monarchs from Henry VIII., on whom it was conferred by Pope Leo X., in the year 1521.
  3. A particular manner of creating, doing, or presenting something, especially a work of architecture or art.
    • 1825, Joshua Reynolds, “Discourse IV. Delivered at the Royal Academy.”, in Discourses on Painting and the Fine Arts, Delivered at the Royal Academy, London: Printed for Jones and Co., [], OCLC 1063550111, page 23, column 1:
      [T]here are two distinct styles in history painting; the grand, and the splendid or ornamental. The great style stands alone, and does not require, perhaps does not so well admit, any addition from inferior beauties. The ornamental style also possesses its own peculiar merit. However, though the union of the two may make a sort of composite style, yet that style is likely to be more imperfect than either of those which goes to its composition.
    • 1843, Allan Cunningham, chapter XI, in The Life of Sir David Wilkie; [] In Three Volumes, volume II, London: John Murray, [], OCLC 297154957, page 472:
      To our English tastes it is unnecessary to advocate the style of [Diego] Velazquez. [...] Sir Joshua [Reynolds], [George] Romney, and [Henry] Raeburn, whether from imitation or instinct, seem powerfully imbued with his style, and some of our own time, even to our landscape painters, seem to possess the same affinity.
    • 1863 April 4, “Italian Architecture and Its Various European Offshoots”, in George Godwin, editor, The Builder. An Illustrated Weekly Magazine for the Architect, Engineer, Archæologist, Constructor, & Art-lover, volume XXI, number 1052, London: Publishing office, York Street, Covent Garden, W.C. [printed by Cox and Wyman], OCLC 317999157, page 239, column 1:
      This style was sometimes called Palladian from the fact of [Andrea] Palladio having fully developed and absorbed into his own system the styles of his great predecessors of the [Florentine] school, [...]
    1. A particular manner of acting or behaving; (specifically) one regarded as fashionable or skilful; flair, grace.
      As a dancer, he has a lot of style.
      Backstabbing people is not my style.
    2. A particular way in which one grooms, adorns, dresses, or carries oneself; (specifically) a way thought to be attractive or fashionable.
    3. (computing) A visual or other modification to text or other elements of a document, such as boldface or italics.
      applying styles to text in a wordprocessor  Cascading Style Sheets
    4. (printing, publishing) A set of rules regarding the presentation of text (spelling, typography, the citation of references, etc.) and illustrations that is applied by a publisher to the works it produces.
      the house style of the journal

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

style (third-person singular simple present styles, present participle styling, simple past and past participle styled)

  1. (transitive) To call or give a name or title to.
    Synonyms: designate, dub, name; see also Thesaurus:denominate
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, “Jones Arrives at Gloucester, and Goes to the Bell; the Character of that House, and of a Petty-fogger, which He there Meets with”, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. In Six Volumes, volume III, London: Printed by A[ndrew] Millar, [], OCLC 928184292, book VIII, page 200:
      This Fellow, I ſay, ſtiled himſelf a Lawyer, but was indeed a moſt vile Petty-fogger, without Senſe or Knowledge of any Kind; one of thoſe who may be termed Train-bearers to the Law; [...]
    • 1811, [Jane Austen], chapter X, in Sense and Sensibility: A Novel. In Three Volumes, volume I, London: Printed for the author, by C[harles] Roworth, [], and published by T[homas] Egerton, [], OCLC 20599507, page 106:
      Marianne's preserver, as Margaret, with more elegance than precision, stiled Willoughby, called at the cottage early the next morning to make his personal inquiries.
    • 1821 April 14, “Annals of the Coinage of Britain and Its Dependencies, from the Earliest Period of Authentic History to the End of the Fiftieth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George III. By the Rev. Rogers Ruding, [] The Second Edition, Corrected, Enlarged, and Continued to the Close of the Year 1818. 5 vols. 8vo. With a 4to. vol. of Plates. London, 1819. [book review]”, in The Literary Chronicle and Weekly Review; [], volume III, number 100, London: Printed by Davidson, [], published by [John] Limbird, [], sold also by Souter [et al.], OCLC 70747075, page 246, column 3:
      Edward the Black Prince had the principality of Aquitain and Gascony conferred on him, with the privilege of coining monies. Under the authority of this grant, he struck various coins of gold and silver. On these coins he invariably styles himself, Primogenitus Regis Angliæ, et Princeps Aquitaniæ [First King of England, and Prince of Aquitaine].
  2. (transitive) To create for, or give to, someone a style, fashion, or image, particularly one which is regarded as attractive, tasteful, or trendy.
  3. (intransitive, US, informal) To act in a way which seeks to show that one possesses style.

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ stīle, n.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 20 July 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Compare “style, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919.
  3. ^ style, n.” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ style, v.”, in OED Online  , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1919; “style, v.” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin stilus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

style m (plural styles)

  1. style (manner of doing something)
  2. (botany) style (of a flower)
  3. fashion, trend, style
  4. (colloquial) style (personal comportment)
  5. flair
  6. (art) style; method characteristic of an artist; artistic manner or characteristic by which an artistic movement may be defined
  7. gnomon, style (needle of a sundial)
  8. (dated, historical) stylus, style (implement for writing on tablets)
  9. complement of jargon particular to a field; style (manner of writing specific to a field or discipline)
  10. sort, type; category of things

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English stiġel.

NounEdit

style

  1. Alternative form of stile (stile)

Etymology 2Edit

From Medieval Latin stylus.

NounEdit

style

  1. Alternative form of stile (style)

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

style

  1. plural of styl
  2. accusative plural of styl
  3. vocative plural of styl

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English style.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /is.ˈtaj.li/, /ˈstaj.li/, /iʃ.ˈtaj.li/

AdjectiveEdit

style (invariable, comparable)

  1. (Brazil, slang) stylish
    Com este calçado você fica style!
    With this shoe you become stylish!