hamster

EnglishEdit

 
a dwarf hamster

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Hamster, from Middle High German hamster, from Old High German hamastra, hamustro (compare Old Saxon hamustra), probably from Old East Slavic хомѣсторъ (xoměstorŭ), хомѣстаръ (xoměstarŭ), compound of (1) хомѣкъ (xoměkŭ, hamster) (compare Russian хомя́к (xomják), Polish chomik), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kāmjas (compare Latvian kāmis (hamster), Lithuanian kãmas (rat),[1] and of (2) Proto-Balto-Slavic *staras (compare Lithuanian stãras (ground squirrel).[2][3]

Alternatively, a borrowing into Slavic from Iranian, compare Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬨𐬀𐬉𐬯𐬙𐬀𐬭-(hamaēstar-, who throws down (in this case: corn stalks), oppresses).[4] Displaced earlier term German rat.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhæm(p)stɚ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

hamster (plural hamsters)

  1. Any of various Old-World rodent species belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae.
    1. especially, the golden hamster, Mesocricetus auratus, and the dwarf hamsters of genus Phodopus, often kept as a pet or used in scientific research.
      The hamster stuffed his puffy cheeks with food.
  2. Other rodents of similar appearance, such as the maned hamster or crested hamster, Lophiomys imhausi, mouse-like hamsters of genus Calomyscus, and the white-tailed rat (Mystromys albicaudatus).

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

hamster (third-person singular simple present hamsters, present participle hamstering, simple past and past participle hamstered)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To secrete or store privately, as a hamster does with food in its cheek pouches.
    Synonym: stash
    • 1974, Phyllis Knight, Rolf Knight, A Very Ordinary Life (page 43)
      Probably the city government knew that without that hamstering half the city would starve and they somehow got the police to lay off. It was in the little stinky one-horse towns that you had all the trouble.
    • 2004, Sharon L. Pywell, What Happened to Henry, page 50:
      [] in his bedroom in neat stacks — he always hamstered them away upstairs as soon as the morning was done. This year the gifts sat ignored []
    • 2014, Edith Sheffer, Burned Bridge: How East and West Germans Made the Iron Curtain:
      [] eastern children frequently “hamstered,” smuggled, and begged across the boundary, especially after currency reform []

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fraenkel, Ernst (1962-1965) Litauisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, volume I-II, Heidelberg-Göttingen: Carl Winter and Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, page 212
  2. ^ Wolfgang Pfeifer, ed., Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen, s.v. “Hamster” (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbucher Vertrag, 2005).
  3. ^ C.T. Onions, ed., Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, s.v. “hamster” (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996), 425.
  4. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang, editor (1993) , “Hamster”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen (in German), 3rd edition, Akademie Verlag, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hamster c (singular definite hamsteren, plural indefinite hamstere)

  1. a hamster

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɦɑmstər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ham‧ster

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from German Hamster.

NounEdit

hamster m (plural hamsters, diminutive hamstertje n)

  1. hamster
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

hamster

  1. first-person singular present indicative of hamsteren
  2. imperative of hamsteren

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster and ultimately of Balto-Slavic origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hamster m (plural hamsters)

  1. hamster

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

hamster

  1. singular imperative of hamstern

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster

NounEdit

hamster m (definite singular hamsteren, indefinite plural hamstere or hamstre or hamstrer, definite plural hamsterne or hamstrene)

  1. a hamster

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster

NounEdit

hamster m (definite singular hamsteren, indefinite plural hamsterar, definite plural hamsterane)

  1. a hamster

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster and ultimately of Balto-Slavic origin.

NounEdit

hamster m (plural hamsters or hamsteres (rare))

  1. hamster (small, short-tailed European rodent)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hamster m (plural hamsteri)

  1. hamster

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Hamster and ultimately of Balto-Slavic origin.

NounEdit

hamster c

  1. a hamster

DeclensionEdit

Declension of hamster 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hamster hamstern hamstrar hamstrarna
Genitive hamsters hamsterns hamstrars hamstrarnas

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English hamster.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [hamsteɾ]
  • Hyphenation: hams‧ter

NounEdit

hamster (definite accusative hamsteri, plural hamsterler)

  1. (zoology, mammals, rodents) hamster

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative hamster
Definite accusative hamsteri
Singular Plural
Nominative hamster hamsterler
Definite accusative hamsteri hamsterleri
Dative hamstere hamsterlere
Locative hamsterde hamsterlerde
Ablative hamsterden hamsterlerden
Genitive hamsterin hamsterlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamsterim hamsterlerim
2nd singular hamsterin hamsterlerin
3rd singular hamsteri hamsterleri
1st plural hamsterimiz hamsterlerimiz
2nd plural hamsteriniz hamsterleriniz
3rd plural hamsterleri hamsterleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamsterimi hamsterlerimi
2nd singular hamsterini hamsterlerini
3rd singular hamsterini hamsterlerini
1st plural hamsterimizi hamsterlerimizi
2nd plural hamsterinizi hamsterlerinizi
3rd plural hamsterlerini hamsterlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamsterime hamsterlerime
2nd singular hamsterine hamsterlerine
3rd singular hamsterine hamsterlerine
1st plural hamsterimize hamsterlerimize
2nd plural hamsterinize hamsterlerinize
3rd plural hamsterlerine hamsterlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamsterimde hamsterlerimde
2nd singular hamsterinde hamsterlerinde
3rd singular hamsterinde hamsterlerinde
1st plural hamsterimizde hamsterlerimizde
2nd plural hamsterinizde hamsterlerinizde
3rd plural hamsterlerinde hamsterlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular hamsterimden hamsterlerimden
2nd singular hamsterinden hamsterlerinden
3rd singular hamsterinden hamsterlerinden
1st plural hamsterimizden hamsterlerimizden
2nd plural hamsterinizden hamsterlerinizden
3rd plural hamsterlerinden hamsterlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular hamsterimin hamsterlerimin
2nd singular hamsterinin hamsterlerinin
3rd singular hamsterinin hamsterlerinin
1st plural hamsterimizin hamsterlerimizin
2nd plural hamsterinizin hamsterlerinizin
3rd plural hamsterlerinin hamsterlerinin