EgyptianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Plural form of tw.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

  
 
 

 f pl proximal, later vocative demonstrative determiner

  1. (Old Egyptian) these
  2. (Middle Egyptian, archaizing) O (vocative reference)

Usage notesEdit

This demonstrative was originally a determiner but could later be used alone, like a pronoun. When used as a determiner it follows the noun it describes.

In Old Egyptian it forms a contrastive pair with the demonstrative jptf, in which jptw is proximal.

Its use in Middle Egyptian texts is an archaism.

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • James P[eter] Allen (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN.
  • Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN