f sg distal demonstrative adjective
This demonstrative was originally an adjective but could later be used alone, like a pronoun. When used as an adjective it follows or precedes the noun it describes.
There is a more colloquial variant: tfꜣ.
Old and Middle Egyptian demonstratives
|pj1, pw, pwy
||tj1, tw, twy
|1 In Old Egyptian.
2 In Middle Egyptian.
3 In Old Egyptian, these pronouns were unmarked for number and gender, but treated syntactically as masculine plurals when used with participles and relative forms, and as feminine singulars when referred to by resumptive pronouns. In Middle Egyptian, they take over the function of the plural demonstrative adjectives and are joined by n(j) to nouns they modify.
Late Egyptian demonstratives
- Allen, James (2000) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-77483-7
- Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, ISBN 0-900416-32-7