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LatvianEdit

 karalis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Anglijas karalis Edvards I Plantagenets (1272-1307)
 
Karalis (3)

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Lithuanian karãlius, itself a borrowing from Belarusian кароль (karól’), ultimately from the name of Charlemagne (cf. Latin Carolus, German Karl, Karol). It was coined by A. Kronvalds in 1870. It soon became popular, possibly because of its similarity with Russian король (korolʹ, king) and its apparent connection to karš (war), and mostly replaced the earlier Germanism ķēniņš.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

karalis m (2nd declension, feminine form: karaliene)

  1. king (the monarch of a kingdom; the title of this monarch)
    Anglijas karalisthe king of England
    skotu karalisthe king of Scots
    karaļa dinastijaroyal dynasty
    kronēt karalito crown the king
  2. king (the most important, influential or outstanding member of a group)
    Zagroba ir cirku karalisZagroba is the circus king
    zvēru karalisthe king of animals, beasts
  3. (chess) king (the most important piece, the capture of which signals the end of a game of chess)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “karalis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7