See also: kars, Kars, kårs, and kaŗš

Contents

LatvianEdit

 karš on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Karš

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *karyas, from Proto-Indo-European *koryos, from *ker-. Cognates include Lithuanian kãras, dialectal kãrias, Old Prussian kargis([karjis], troops, army) (misspelled as kragis in the 16th-century text), karyago(travels) (i.e., “war path”), Middle Irish cuire(army; troops), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌹𐍃(harjis), Old Norse herr, German Heer(army), Ancient Greek κοίρανος(koíranos, leader, commander) (< *koiros < *koryos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

karš m (1st declension)

  1. war (organized armed conflict between two or more countries, peoples, ethnic or social groups)
    Pirmais pasaules karš‎ ― First World War
    Otrais pasaules karš‎ ― Second World War
    aizstāvēšanās, uzbrukuma karš‎ ― defensive, offensive war
    agresīvs karš‎ ― aggressive war
    taisnīgs karš‎ ― just, rightful war
    koloniālais karš‎ ― colonial war
    pilsoņu karš‎ ― civil war
    nacionālās atbrīvošanās karš‎ ― national liberation war
    partizānu karš‎ ― partisan, guerilla war
    krusta karš‎ ― crusade (lit. cross war)
    karš pret iebrucējiem‎ ― war against invaders
    ķīmiskais karš‎ ― chemical warfare
    bioloģiskais karš‎ ― biological warfare
    bakterioloģiskais karš‎ ― bacteriological warfare
    kodoltermiskais karš‎ ― thermonuclear war
    kara kurinātāji, kūrēji‎ ― warmongers
    izcēlās karš‎ ― war broke out
    kara sākums‎ ― the beginning of war
    pieteikt karu‎ ― to declare war
    uzvarēt karu, karā‎ ― to win the war
    zaudēt karu, karā‎ ― to lose the war
    izbeigt karu‎ ― to put an end to the war
    doties karā‎ ― to go to war
    atgriezties no kara‎ ― to return from war
    karš ir tās politikas turpinājums ar varmācības līdzekļiem, kuru piekopa karojošo lielvalstu valdošās šķiras jau ilgi pirms kara‎ ― war is the continuation, by means of violence, of policies which were practiced by the ruling classes of the warring countries long before the war
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) war; relating to war
    kara bēgli‎ ― war refugees
    kara veterāns‎ ― war veteran
    kara invalīds‎ ― war invalid
    kara stāvoklis‎ ― state of war
    kara darbība‎ ― act of war
    kara gājiens, karagājiens‎ ― war march, crusade
    kara lauks, karalauks‎ ― battlefield (lit. war field)
    kara gūsteknis‎ ― prisoner of war
    kara noziedznieks‎ ― war criminal
  3. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) war, military (relating to the armed forces or to military service)
    jūras kara flote‎ ― Navy (lit. sea war fleet)
    kara rūpnīca‎ ― military industry
    kara medicīnas dienests‎ ― military medical service
    kara hospitāls, ārsts‎ ― military hospital, doctor
    kara lidmašīna‎ ― military airplane
    kara dienests, karadienests‎ ― military service
    kara apgabals‎ ― military district
    kara skola, karaskola‎ ― military school
    kara akadēmija‎ ― military academy
    kara zinātne‎ ― military science
    kara māksla, karamāksla‎ ― the art of war; warfare
    kara noslēpums‎ ― war secret, military secret
    kara tribunāls‎ ― military tribunal
    kara tiesa‎ ― court martial (lit. military court)
    kara bāze, osta‎ ― military base, port
    kara mūzika‎ ― military music
    kara klausība, karaklausība‎ ― military conscription
    kara kungs‎ ― war lord
  4. (figuratively) war (serious conflict, struggle, fight, clash between enemies)
    aukstais karš‎ ― cold war
    ideoloģiskais karš‎ ― ideological war
    ekonomiskais karš‎ ― economic war
    jāpiesaka bargs karš pret māņticībām‎ ― it is necessary to declare harsh war against superstitions
  5. (figuratively) war (disagreement, dispute, quarrel)
    vārdu karš‎ ― war of words
    aizmirsušies nemitīgie mājas kari par jaunām kleitām‎ ― they (had) forgotten the persistent domestic wars about new dresses

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “karš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7