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See also: kars, Kars, kårs, and kaŗš

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LatvianEdit

 karš on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Karš

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *karyas, from Proto-Indo-European *koryos, from *ker-. Cognates include Lithuanian kãras, dialectal kãrias, Old Prussian kargis ([karjis], troops, army) (misspelled as kragis in the 16th-century text), karyago (travels) (i.e., “war path”), Middle Irish cuire (army; troops), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐍂𐌾𐌹𐍃 (harjis), Old Norse herr, German Heer (army), Ancient Greek κοίρανος (koíranos, leader, commander) (< *koiros < *koryos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

karš m (1st declension)

  1. war (organized armed conflict between two or more countries, peoples, ethnic or social groups)
    Pirmais pasaules karšFirst World War
    Otrais pasaules karšSecond World War
    aizstāvēšanās, uzbrukuma karšdefensive, offensive war
    agresīvs karšaggressive war
    taisnīgs karšjust, rightful war
    koloniālais karšcolonial war
    pilsoņu karšcivil war
    nacionālās atbrīvošanās karšnational liberation war
    partizānu karšpartisan, guerilla war
    krusta karšcrusade (lit. cross war)
    karš pret iebrucējiemwar against invaders
    ķīmiskais karšchemical warfare
    bioloģiskais karšbiological warfare
    bakterioloģiskais karšbacteriological warfare
    kodoltermiskais karšthermonuclear war
    kara kurinātāji, kūrējiwarmongers
    izcēlās karšwar broke out
    kara sākumsthe beginning of war
    pieteikt karuto declare war
    uzvarēt karu, karāto win the war
    zaudēt karu, karāto lose the war
    izbeigt karuto put an end to the war
    doties karāto go to war
    atgriezties no karato return from war
    karš ir tās politikas turpinājums ar varmācības līdzekļiem, kuru piekopa karojošo lielvalstu valdošās šķiras jau ilgi pirms karawar is the continuation, by means of violence, of policies which were practiced by the ruling classes of the warring countries long before the war
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) war; relating to war
    kara bēgliwar refugees
    kara veterānswar veteran
    kara invalīdswar invalid
    kara stāvoklisstate of war
    kara darbībaact of war
    kara gājiens, karagājienswar march, crusade
    kara lauks, karalauksbattlefield (lit. war field)
    kara gūsteknisprisoner of war
    kara noziedzniekswar criminal
  3. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) war, military (relating to the armed forces or to military service)
    jūras kara floteNavy (lit. sea war fleet)
    kara rūpnīcamilitary industry
    kara medicīnas dienestsmilitary medical service
    kara hospitāls, ārstsmilitary hospital, doctor
    kara lidmašīnamilitary airplane
    kara dienests, karadienestsmilitary service
    kara apgabalsmilitary district
    kara skola, karaskolamilitary school
    kara akadēmijamilitary academy
    kara zinātnemilitary science
    kara māksla, karamākslathe art of war; warfare
    kara noslēpumswar secret, military secret
    kara tribunālsmilitary tribunal
    kara tiesacourt martial (lit. military court)
    kara bāze, ostamilitary base, port
    kara mūzikamilitary music
    kara klausība, karaklausībamilitary conscription
    kara kungswar lord
  4. (figuratively) war (serious conflict, struggle, fight, clash between enemies)
    aukstais karšcold war
    ideoloģiskais karšideological war
    ekonomiskais karšeconomic war
    jāpiesaka bargs karš pret māņticībāmit is necessary to declare harsh war against superstitions
  5. (figuratively) war (disagreement, dispute, quarrel)
    vārdu karšwar of words
    aizmirsušies nemitīgie mājas kari par jaunām kleitāmthey (had) forgotten the persistent domestic wars about new dresses

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “karš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7