Contents

CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

tornis

  1. second-person singular present subjunctive form of tornar

LatinEdit

LatvianEdit

 tornis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Skābbarības tornis (2)
 
Tornis (1)
 
Tornis (3)

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Middle Low German torn or Middle Dutch toorn or an East Frisian word (compare West Frisian toer; also compare German Turm), itself a borrowing, via Old Frisian torn, from Latin turris (accusative turrem). A dialectal German form Turn, borrowed as turnis, would in the Kurzeme dialects yield tornis (with [uo]). This word is first mentioned in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

tornis m (2nd declension)

  1. tower (tall, cylindrical or similarly shaped structure in a building)
    baznīcas, pils tornis‎ ― church, castle tower
    skatu, novērošanas tornis‎ ― observation tower
    ugunsdzēsēju tornis‎ ― fire tower
    televīzijas tornis‎ ― television tower
    cietokšņa tornis‎ ― fortress tower
    koka, tērauda tornis‎ ― wooden, steel tower
    dzelzsbetona tornis‎ ― reinforced concrete tower
    torņa augša‎ ― top of the tower
    torņa pulkstenis‎ ― tower clock
  2. tank, silo (large vertical building used to store grain)
    skābbarības tornis‎ ― silo (lit. silage tower)
  3. (chess) rook (chess piece shaped like a castle tower)
    iesaistīt torni spēlē‎ ― to involve, employ the rook in the game

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “tornis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7