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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin lēnis (soft, smooth).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: lē'nəs, lā'nəs, IPA(key): /ˈliːnɪs/, /ˈlɛnɪs/

AdjectiveEdit

lenis (not comparable)

  1. (phonetics) Weakly articulated (of a consonant), hence voiced; especially as compared to the others of a group of homorganic consonants.
    Synonym: lax
    Antonym: fortis
    • 2004, Stephan Gramley, Michael Pätzold, A Survey of Modern English, Routledge (→ISBN), page 80:
      All vowels, whether short or complex, are relatively shorter when followed by a fortis consonant and relatively longer when followed by a lenis one or, for those where this is possible, when no consonant follows (in free or unchecked syllables).

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

lenis (plural lenes)

  1. (phonetics) A lenis consonant.

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *lh₁d-to.

Confer lentus. Cognate to Old Church Slavonic лѣнъ (lěnŭ, lazy), whence Russian ленивый (lenivyj, lazy), and to Lithuanian lė́nas (slow, calm).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈleː.nis/, [ˈleː.n̪ɪs]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

lēnis (neuter lēne, comparative lenior, superlative lenissimus, adverb lēne or lēniter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. soft, smooth, gentle
  2. gradual
  3. moderate, mild, calm
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative lēnis lēne lēnēs lēnia
Genitive lēnis lēnium
Dative lēnī lēnibus
Accusative lēnem lēne lēnēs
lēnīs
lēnia
Ablative lēnī lēnibus
Vocative lēnis lēne lēnēs lēnia
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: lenis, lenient
  • Galician: lene, ao len
  • Italian: lene
  • Occitan: le
  • Romanian: lin
  • Spanish: lene

Etymology 2Edit

Inflected form of lēna (madame, procuress).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lēnīs

  1. dative plural of lēna
  2. ablative plural of lēna

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “lene” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN