Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Czech len, from Proto-Slavic *lьnъ[1] from Proto-Indo-European *lino-.[2]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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len m inan

  1. flax (any plant of the genus Linum)
  2. flax (fibers)

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjectives
nouns

References

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  1. ^ Machek, Václav (1968) Etymologický slovník jazyka českého [Etymological Dictionary of the Czech Language], 2nd edition, Prague: Academia
  2. ^ Jiří Rejzek (2007) “len”, in Český etymologický slovník (in Czech), Leda

Further reading

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  • len in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • len in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • len in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish

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Etymology

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From Middle Low German lēn, from Old Saxon lēhan, from Proto-West Germanic *laihn, from Proto-Germanic *laihną (loan), cognate with German Lehn (Swedish län is a loan from Low German). Doublet of lån.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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len n (singular definite lenet, plural indefinite len)

  1. (historical) fief (a land given by a sovereign to a vassal in exchange for military services, especially in the Middle Ages)
  2. (historical) entailed estate (a property given by the king to a person with specific rules of inheritance, in Denmark 1691-1919)
  3. (historical) county (a regional and administrative unit, in Denmark until 1662; also used with reference to the län of modern Sweden and Finland)
    Synonyms: amt, region, syssel

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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Friulian

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Etymology

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From Latin lignum. Compare Ladin lën, Romansch len, lenn, lain.

Noun

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len m (plural lens)

  1. wood
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Galician

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Verb

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len

  1. third-person plural present indicative of ler

Hungarian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *lьnъ.[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛn]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: len
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Noun

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len (plural lenek)

  1. flax

Declension

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Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative len lenek
accusative lent leneket
dative lennek leneknek
instrumental lennel lenekkel
causal-final lenért lenekért
translative lenné lenekké
terminative lenig lenekig
essive-formal lenként lenekként
essive-modal
inessive lenben lenekben
superessive lenen leneken
adessive lennél leneknél
illative lenbe lenekbe
sublative lenre lenekre
allative lenhez lenekhez
elative lenből lenekből
delative lenről lenekről
ablative lentől lenektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lené leneké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lenéi lenekéi
Possessive forms of len
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lenem lenjeim
2nd person sing. lened lenjeid
3rd person sing. lenje lenjei
1st person plural lenünk lenjeink
2nd person plural lenetek lenjeitek
3rd person plural lenjük lenjeik

Derived terms

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Compound words

References

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  1. ^ len in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

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  • len in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Irish

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Preposition

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len

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of le

Usage notes

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This form is found only before bhur (your pl) and is not part of the standard written language. In older texts, len bhur may also be spelled le nbhur.

Norwegian Bokmål

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Verb

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len

  1. imperative of lene

Old Czech

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Alternative forms

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  • ľen (alternative writing)

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *lьnъ, from Proto-Indo-European *lino-.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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len m inan

  1. flax

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Czech: len

Further reading

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *lьnъ, from Proto-Indo-European *lino-. Doublet of lina.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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len m inan

  1. flax (any member of the genus Linum)
  2. linen (thread or cloth made from flax fibre)
    Synonym: płótno

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • len in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • len in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romani

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Noun

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len m

  1. river

Romansch

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin lignum. Compare Ladin lën, Friulian len.

Noun

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len m

  1. (Sutsilvan) wood

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *lěnъ.

Adjective

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lȇn (Cyrillic spelling ле̑н, definite lȇnī, comparative lȅnjī)

  1. Alternative form of lijen (lazy).

Slovak

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Pronunciation

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Adverb

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len

  1. only, just

Further reading

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  • len”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *lěnъ.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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lẹ̑n or lȅn (comparative bȍlj lẹ̑n, superlative nȁjbolj lẹ̑n)

  1. lazy

Inflection

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The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. lén léna léno
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative lén ind
léni def
léna léno
genitive lénega léne lénega
dative lénemu léni lénemu
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
léno léno
locative lénem léni lénem
instrumental lénim léno lénim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative léna léni léni
genitive lénih lénih lénih
dative lénima lénima lénima
accusative léna léni léni
locative lénih lénih lénih
instrumental lénima lénima lénima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative léni léne léna
genitive lénih lénih lénih
dative lénim lénim lénim
accusative léne léne léna
locative lénih lénih lénih
instrumental lénimi lénimi lénimi

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • len”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • len”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Swedish

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse linr, from Proto-Germanic *linwaz.

Adjective

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len (comparative lenare, superlative lenast)

  1. smooth and soft
    lena kinder
    smooth cheeks
  2. (by extension) smooth (of taste and the like)
Usage notes
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Focuses on the (pleasant) sensation when dragging one's fingers (or another body part) across something smooth and soft. Smooth and soft to the touch.

Declension
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Inflection of len
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular len lenare lenast
Neuter singular lent lenare lenast
Plural lena lenare lenast
Masculine plural3 lene lenare lenast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 lene lenare lenaste
All lena lenare lenaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic
Derived terms
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See also
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  • slät (smooth (whether hard or soft))

Etymology 2

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From Turkish lan.

Noun

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len

  1. (slang) friend, buddy, pal (friendly term of address)
    Vad händer, len?
    What's going on, buddy?

References

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Vietnamese

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From French laine.

Noun

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len

  1. wool
  2. yarn

Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

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len (, , 𨈆)

  1. to negotiate one's way through a mass, to creep through
Derived terms
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Derived terms

Volapük

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Preposition

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len

  1. at, by, on

Welsh

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Noun

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len

  1. Soft mutation of llen.

Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
llen len unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.