See also: Lax and LAX

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English lax, from Old English leax (salmon), from Proto-West Germanic *lahs (salmon), from Proto-Germanic *lahsaz (salmon), from Proto-Indo-European *laḱs- (salmon, trout). Cognate with Middle Dutch lacks, lachs, lasche (salmon), Middle Low German las (salmon), German Lachs (salmon), Norwegian laks (salmon), Danish laks (salmon), Swedish lax (salmon), Icelandic lax (salmon), Lithuanian lašišà (salmon), Latvian lasis, Russian лосо́сь (losósʹ, salmon), Albanian leshterik (eel-grass). Doublet of lox.

NounEdit

lax (plural laxes)

  1. (now chiefly Britain dialectal, Scotland) A salmon.

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Latin laxus (wide, roomy, loose).

AdjectiveEdit

lax (comparative laxer, superlative laxest)

  1. Lenient and allowing for deviation; not strict.
    The rules are fairly lax, but you have to know which ones you can bend.
    • 1886, John Addington Symonds, Philip Sidney
      Society at that epoch was lenient, if not lax, in matters of the passions.
  2. Loose; not tight or taut.
    The rope fell lax.
    • 1701, John Ray, The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the Creation, [], 3rd edition, London: [] Sam[uel] Smith, and Benj[amin] Walford, [], OCLC 1103011139, part II, page 355:
      The Fleſh of this ſort of [cartilaginous] Fiſh being lax and ſpungy, and nothing ſo firm, ſolid and weighty as that of the bony Fiſhes, and there being a good quantity of Air contained in the Cavity of their Abdomen, they cannot ſink in the Water without letting in ſome of it by theſe Holes (the Orifices whereof are opened and ſhut at pleaſure by the help of Muſcles provided for that purpoſe) into the hollow of their Bellies, whereby they preponderate the Water and deſcend; []
    • 1979, “Genetical Studies on Dense and Lax Panicles In Rice”, in Japan. J. Breed., volume 29, number 2, page 151:
      Sreedharan and Mirsa (1973) reported that two lax panicle mutants, designated as nude panicle mutation, were obtained from the M2 of two rice cultivars.
  3. Lacking care; neglectful, negligent.
    • 2011 October 1, Phil Dawkes, “Sunderland 2 – 2 West Brom”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Prior to this match, Albion had only scored three league goals all season, but Wes Brown's lax marking allowed Morrison to head in their fourth from a Chris Brunt free-kick and then, a minute later, the initial squandering of possession and Michael Turner's lack of pace let Long run through to slot in another.
  4. (mathematics) Describing an associative monoidal functor.
  5. (archaic) Having a looseness of the bowels; diarrheal.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

lax (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Lacrosse.
    • 2010, Kate Kingsley, Pretty on the Outside (page 79)
      “I'm not playing lax this term,” Mimah said.

AnagramsEdit


DacianEdit

NounEdit

lax

  1. The edible wild purslane plant.

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin laxus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lax (comparative laxer, superlative am laxesten)

  1. lax
  2. (morale or ethics) easy, loose

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • lax” in Duden online

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse lax, from Proto-Germanic *lahsaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lax m (genitive singular lax, nominative plural laxar)

  1. salmon

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *laks, from the same source as laciō (entice).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lax f (genitive lacis); third declension

  1. deception, fraud

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lax lacēs
Genitive lacis lacum
Dative lacī lacibus
Accusative lacem lacēs
Ablative lace lacibus
Vocative lax lacēs

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Mozarabic:
    Arabic: لْياجّى(ʎači)
    Hebrew: ליאַג֗יִ(ʎači)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “laciō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 321
  • lax in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lax in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English leax, from Proto-West Germanic *lahs, from Proto-Germanic *lahsaz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lax (plural lax or laxes)

  1. salmon

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *lahsaz. Cognate with Old English leax, German Lachs, English lox, Old High German lahs, Yiddish לאַקס‎(laks‎).

NounEdit

lax m (genitive lax, plural laxar)

  1. (zoology) salmon

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • lax in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

SwedishEdit

 
A salmon pink 1000 SEK banknote from 1894.

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse lax, from Proto-Germanic *lahsaz. The 1000kr meaning comes from the color of the 1000kr bill which was the same color as a salmon.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lax c

  1. salmon
  2. (slang) a bill with nominal value 1000 kronor or the corresponding amount of money
    Synonyms: lakan, långschal, skäring, papp

DeclensionEdit

Declension of lax 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lax laxen laxar laxarna
Genitive lax laxens laxars laxarnas

Derived termsEdit