EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin odium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

odium (countable and uncountable, plural odiums)

  1. Hatred; dislike.
    • 2020, Hilary Mantel, The Mirror and the Light, Fourth Estate, page 207:
      ‘I warned you, if you give evidence against your husband, you will be shunned. You will be held in odium. You will be alone.’
    His conduct brought him into odium, or, brought odium upon him.
  2. The quality that provokes hatred; offensiveness.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ōdī.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

odium n (genitive odiī or odī); second declension

  1. hatred, ill-will, aversion, dislike or their manifestation
  2. the condition of being hated, odium, unpopularity
  3. (by metonymy) an object of hatred or aversion
  4. (in weaker sense) weariness, boredom, impatience or their manifestation

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative odium odia
Genitive odiī
odī1
odiōrum
Dative odiō odiīs
Accusative odium odia
Ablative odiō odiīs
Vocative odium odia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: odi
  • English: odium
  • Friulian: odi
  • Galician: odio
  • Italian: odio, uggia
  • Occitan: òdi
  • Portuguese: ódio
  • Sardinian: odia, odiu
  • Spanish: odio

ReferencesEdit

  • odium” on page 1239 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • odium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • odium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • odium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • odium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to incur a person's hatred: in odium, in invidiam venire alicui
    • to incur a person's hatred: alicuius odium subire, suscipere, in se convertere, sibi conflare
    • to incur a person's hatred: in alicuius odium incurrere
    • to make a person odious, unpopular: in invidiam, odium (alicuius) vocare aliquem
    • to make a person odious, unpopular: invidiam, odium ex-, concitare alicui, in aliquem
    • to glut one's hatred: odium explere aliqua re (Liv. 4. 32)
    • to conceive an implacable hatred against a man: odium implacabile suscipere in aliquem
    • to cherish an inveterate animosity against some one: odium inveteratum habere in aliquem (Vat. 3. 6)
    • to kindle hatred in a person's heart; to fill some one with hatred (not implere, vid. sect. IX. 2, note gaudio...): odium alicuius inflammare
    • to stifle, drown one's hatred: odium restinguere, exstinguere
    • (ambiguous) to be hated by some one: odio, invidiae esse alicui
    • (ambiguous) to be hated by some one: in odio esse apud aliquem
    • (ambiguous) to be separated by a deadly hatred: capitali odio dissidere ab aliquo (De Am. 1. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to be consumed with hatred: odio or invidia alicuius ardere
    • (ambiguous) to be fired with a passionate hatred: odio inflammatum, accensum esse